Features of the Independence Constitution of 1960
JSS 3 / BASIC 9
Previous lesson: Pupils have previous knowledge of
Features of Macpherson Constitution of 1951
that was taught in their previous lesson
Features of the Independence Constitution of 1960
Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- explain when and why the Independence Constitution of 1960 was formed
- mention the important features of the constitution of 1960
- explain the advantages and disadvantages of 1960 constitution
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching:
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
1960 INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUTION
FEATURES OF 1960 INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUTION
1. The governor general was the ceremonial head of state.
2. The prime minister was the head of government and administration.
3. It provided for a parliamentary system of government.
4. Fundamental human rights were written in the constitution.
5. The constitution of 1960 was a rigid constitution.
6. It laid down procedures for the creation of regions.
Identify the features of the 1960 independence constitution
The 1960 independence constitution featured a parliamentary system of government, with the governor general as the ceremonial head of state and the prime minister as the head of government and administration. Fundamental human rights were written into the constitution, and it was a rigid document that laid down procedures for the creation of regions.
The constitution was generally well received by the people
Advantages or Achievement of 1960 independence Constitution
1. It ushered independence for Nigeria.
2. It defined citizenship and how it can be acquired.
3. Outlined the fundamental human rights of individuals.
4. It created a federal system of government.
5. it promoted national unity and integration.
6. It enhanced the rule of law in Nigeria
7. The constitution made provision for social and economic development in Nigeria
8. The 1960 constitution was an improvement on the 1951
DISADVANTAGES OR WEAKNESS OF 1960 INDEPENDENCE
1. It gave total sovereignty or independence to Nigeria
2. 1960 independence constitution was imposed on Nigerians. Nigerians did not take part in the writing
of the constitution
3. The Privy Council in London was the highest court and not the Supreme Court.
4. The Queen of England was still the head of state and this gave room for interference in Nigeria’s
internal affairs by the British government.
5. The 1960 independence constitution created a lot of tension and rivalry between the North and the
South. This was because, under the constitution, each region had an equal number of seats in the
legislature regardless of population. The Northern Region had the majority of the seats in the
6. The 1960 independence constitution did not make provision for the rotation of power between the
regions. This meant that the North would always have a majority in the legislature and would be in
control of the government.
7. The 1960 independence constitution did not make provision for state creation. This led to a lot of
tension and agitation for the creation of states.
8. The 1960 independence constitution did not make provision for resource control. This led to a lot
of tension and rivalry between the states over the control of resources.
Mention the weakness of 1960 independence constitution
The subject teacher introduces the new topic
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
1.______constitution defined citizenship and how it can be acquired A. Republican B. Independence
Lyttleton D. Clifford
2. One of the weaknesses of ______the constitution was that the Queen of Britain was still the head of the state and this gave room to some interference A. Republican B. Presidential C. Parliamentary D. Independence
3.______was the highest court in Nigeria under the 1960 independence constitution A. High court B. Magistrate court C. Privy Council in London D. Supreme court
4. The 1960 independence constitution had the following features except ______A. it was rigid B. it was written C.it adopted federal structure D. it was flexible.
5. The 1960 independence constitution made provision for a______ A. Parliamentary Presidential C. Military D. Unitary
6. The system of government under the 1960 independence constitution was ______ A. Presidential B. Parliamentary C. Military D. Unitary
7. Who was the first prime minister of Nigeria? A. Nnamdi Azikiwe B. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa C. Yakubu Gowon D. Olusegun Obasanjo
8. The 1962 ______policy was a brainchild of the first prime minister of Nigeria, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa A. Africanization B. Indigenization C. Nationalization D. Islamization
9. One of the objectives of the______ policy was to make Nigerians predominant in all economic activities A. Africanization B. Indigenization C. Nationalization D. Islamization
10. The______was a military takeover of the government on January 15, 1966 A. First republic B. Second republic C. Military coup d’état D. First military regime
11. The first military head of state in Nigeria was ______ A. Nnamdi Azikiwe B. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa C. Yakubu Gowon D. Olusegun Obasanjo
12. Who among the following led the military coup that toppled the first republic? A. Ibrahim Babangida B. Sani Abacha C. Muhammadu Buhari D. Yakubu Gowon
13. The first military coup of January 15, 1966 was ______ A. successful B. not successful C. partially successful D. a bloodless coup
14. The second military coup that toppled the Gowon regime was led by ______ A. Ibrahim Babangida B. Sani Abacha C. Muhammadu Buhari D. Yakubu Gowon
15. The ______military regime lasted for thirteen months A. Murtala/Obasanjo B. Buhari/Idiagbon C. Abacha D. Babangida
16. The______was a military takeover of the government on December 31, 1983 A. First republic B. Second republic C. Military coup d’état D. Second military regime
17. The______was a return to civilian rule in Nigeria A. Structural adjustment program B. Economic reform program C. Democratic transition program D. National economic empowerment development strategy
18. The ______head of state in Nigeria was Alhaji Shehu Shagari A. first civilian B. second civilian C. third civilian D. fourth civilian
19. The 1983 constitution was______ A. rigid B. flexible C. unitary D. federal
20. The ______of the 1983 constitution were the military, the judicature, and the civil service A. pillars B. fabrics C. strength D. weakness
21. The ______of the 1983 constitution was that it was too long and cumbersome A. advantage B. disadvantage C. strength D. opportunity
22. The______were members of the military who participated in the December 31, 1983 coup A. patriotic Nigerians B. progressive Nigerians C. radical Nigerians D. reactionary Nigerians
23. The______were members of the military who did not participate in the December 31, 1983 coup A. patriotic Nigerians B. progressive Nigerians C. radical Nigerians D. reactionary Nigerians
24. The ______of the 1983 constitution was that it gave too much power to the president A. advantage B. disadvantage C. strength D. opportunity
25. The ______were civilians who participated in the December 31, 1983 coup A. patriotic Nigerians B. progressive Nigerians C. radical Nigerians D. reactionary Nigerians
1. Identify five qualities of a good follower.
2. Mention three consequences of bad leadership.
3. Identify six offences people can be found guilty of and punished under the law.
4. Mention four qualities of a good leader.
5. Identify five benefits of living in a democracy.
The subject goes round to mark the pupil’s notes. He does the necessary corrections