Fundamental Human Rights


Civic Education


First Term


Week 5



Previous lesson: Pupils have previous knowledge of

National Population Census

that was taught in their previous lesson


Fundamental Human Rights

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say the meaning of human rights
  • mention types of human rights which are social,political, economic, cultural and civic rights
  • explain steps for the protection of Human rights

Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation

Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



What is the meaning of human rights?

Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world, from birth until death. They apply regardless of where you are from, what you believe in, or how you choose to live your life.

Everyone is equal in their right to have human rights. These rights are an essential part of what it means to be human, and they can never be taken away.

Human rights are based on the principle of respect for the dignity of every person. They are not a gift from any government or external authority, but something that belongs to us by virtue of our humanity.

We all have the same human rights, regardless of whether our governments recognize or protect them.

Types of human rights which are social, political, economic, cultural, and civic rights.

1) Social rights include the right to housing, healthcare, education, and social security.

2) Political rights include the right to vote, freedom of expression, and assembly.

3) Economic rights include the right to work, the right to fair pay, and the right to own property.

4) Cultural rights include the right to practice one’s culture, language, and religion.

5) Civic rights include the right to participate in civic life, the right to a clean and healthy environment, and the right to access information.

6) The right to life is the most fundamental of all human rights.

7) The right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment is an absolute right that cannot be infringed upon under any circumstances.

8). The right to freedom from slavery and forced labor is also an absolute right that must be respected by all.

9) The right to freedom of movement is a fundamental human right that allows everyone the liberty to travel and live where they choose.

(10) The right to an adequate standard of living is essential for the enjoyment of all other human rights. It includes the right to food, clothing, shelter, and healthcare.


Steps for the protection of Human rights.

1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.

2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

3. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

4. The recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.

5. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

6. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

7. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

8. Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

9. Everyone is entitled to equal protection of the law.

10. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

11. Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating


Step 1

The subject teacher introduces the new topic

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise



  1. What is the name of the first country to ratify the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights?a. United States of America

    b. United Kingdom

    c. Canada

    d. France

  2. Human rights are a set of inalienable protections guaranteed to every person, no matter their nationality, ethnicity, sex, religion, or any other characteristic. True or False?
  3. Which of the following is not a fundamental human right?a. The right to life

    b. The right to freedom to sleep

    c. The right to liberty and security

    d. The right to own property


  1. What is the meaning of human rights?
  2. Mention 5 human rights which are social,political, economic, cultural and civic rights
  3. Explain 4 steps for the protection of Human rights


The subject goes round to mark the pupil’s notes. He does the necessary corrections