Immunization for Children


Home Economics


First Term


Week 5




Previous lesson: Pupils have previous knowledge of


that was taught in their previous lesson



Immunization for Children

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • explain immunization
  • mention types of immunization vaccine
  • Explain the prevention or treatment of common childhood ailments


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks



What is immunization 

Immunization is the process of protecting someone from a disease by making them immune to it. Immunization usually happens through a vaccine, which is a medicine that helps the body build up immunity to a disease.

Vaccines are given to children to help them build up immunity to diseases before they are old enough to get sick from them.

Examples of Immunization vaccine that can be given to children

  •  Polio vaccine
  •  Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine
  • Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) vaccine
  • Hemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine

 Time at birth at which this immunization can be given to children

  • Polio vaccine: given at birth
  • Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine: given at 12 months old
  • Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) vaccine: given at 2, 4, and 6 months old
  • Hemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine: given at 2, 4, and 6 months old
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine: given at 2, 4, and 6 months old



Step 1

The subject teacher introduces the new topic

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


  1. Define immunization
  2. Mention four types of vaccines that are given to children
  3. What is vaccine?
  4. Write out the time out birth at which polio vaccine can be given
  5. __________is the procedure by which immunities to diseases are produced in a person. This is done through vaccines and toxoids
  6. _________prevents children against diseases
  7. Children can be immunized against the following diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio (True/ False)
  8. Immunization is administered to protect children from 0-2 years old (True/ False)
  9. Immunization is given to children in infant welfare clinics, immunization centres and hospitals (True/ False)
  10. School administrators should allow health workers to immunize infants and children in their schools without first seeking their parents’ consents (True/ False)



The subject goes round to mark the pupil’s notes. He does the necessary corrections