PRIMARY 4 Basic Science and Technology Second Term 

Subject : 

Basic Science and Technology

PRIMARY 4 Basic Science and Technology Second Term 

Term :

Second  Term



Class :

Basic 4 / Year 4 / Primary 4


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of previous topics that have been taught in the previous class

Topic :

PRIMARY 4 Basic Science and Technology Second Term 


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

PRIMARY 4 Basic Science and Technology Second Term 




Week 1

Revision of first term’s work.


Week 2

Soil (constituents) Constituents
Leaf litters
Small rocks
Dead animals
Living animals


Week 3

Growing of plants

(A). Gardening tools
Care of the tools
(B). Conditions for growing crops
Good soil


Week 4

Growing of plants

(A). Soil preparation
(B). Planting and nurturing of plants


Week 5

Plants (Weeds)

(A)Definitions and identification of weeds

(B)Importance of weeds to farmers and the environment

(C). Control measure

(D). Environmental protection



Week 6

Pests and diseases of crop plants

(A). Common pests
(B)Insects, bat, birds, rodents, monkey etc

(C)Casual agents of these diseases Fungi, bacteria, viruses
Some common diseases e.g cassava mosaic

(D). Control measure
(E). Effects of using chemicals in controlling

(A). Evaporation (B). Condensation
(C). Importance of water


Week 7

Human body (feeding system)

(A). The teeth
Incisors, canines, premolars, molars

(B). The tongue
(C). The lips



Week 8

Food (types and uses)

(A). Classes of food
Carbohydrate protein, fat & oil, vitamins, minerals

(B) Uses of food
Energy sources, body building protection


Week 9

Adequate diet (balanced diet)


Week 10

Harmful foods
Harmful foods e.g contaminated food
Bad feeding habits



Week 11




Week 12






The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



  • Define soil
  • Explain the meaning of constituents
  • Give  four examples of soil constituents .
  • Define soil particles .
  • State three kinds of soil .
  • Explain four uses of soil .




Prepare for the next lesson by reading about  growing of plants



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