Growing of plants Soil preparation and nurturing of plants

Subject : 

Basic Science and Technology

Term :

Second  Term


Week 4

Class :

Basic 4 / Year 4 / Primary 4


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of various conditions that are necessary for plant germination  in the previous lesson

Topic :

Soil preparation and nurturing of plants


Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Explain methods of soil   preparation for plant growth .
  • Explain methods of  planting and nurturing of plants

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

Site Selection : This is very crucial to the existence of plant that will be grown on the site . The farmer must firstly select a very good site for farming that will support plant growth


Bush Clearing : After the farmer must have selected the right site for his or planting operation , then there is a need for the site to be cleared of already existing plants that may be on the land if the land is a virgin land . When the site has been cleared of bush , it is not advisable to bush the bush as bush burning kills micro organisms that make the soil loose or fertile


Stumping : This involves the removal of stumps or short tree stuck that may still be left available in the soil after bush clearing . If they are not removed , they may affect the growth of new plant that we want to plant on the new plantation


Application of Manure or Fertilizer :  This enables the young plant to available themselves the nutrients that are available in the manure or fertilizer



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



  • Mention four planting conditions
  • Mention four gardening tools
  • Mention two uses of a cutlass
  • Mention two uses of hoe
  • Define soil  .
  • What is photosynthesis
  • Explain four uses of soil .




Prepare for the next lesson by reading about  growing of plants



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