COMMUNICATION, LANGUAGE AND LITERACY
Words and Opposites
Kindergarten 1 / KG 1
Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
- Cut out of letters of the alphabet like A , B , C , D
- Short Story Books
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
Previous Knowledge :
The pupils have been taught
Introduction of Myself
in their previous lesson
Behavioural Objectives : At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- Understand that things that are (not) are called words and opposites
- Write out the opposites of some words
WORDS AND OPPOSITES
Words and opposites are used to show things that are not the same.
Examples of such words are
- Big __not big __small
- Hot __not hot __cold
- Dead __ not dead __ alive
- Boy __ not boy __girl
Opposites are abstract concepts that the children may not grasp so fast. But the lesson can be explained in a fun way using different activities that make understanding faster and better.
Exploring opposites will help children polish their skills of observation and creativity.
Understanding the concept of opposites help the children to learn how to compare two things as well as improve their ability to describe things.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
Tell the children that today, they are going to learn ‘opposites’. Let every child in the class say the word ‘ opposites.
Ask the children to stand up, ask them to sit down. Move to the right. Move to the left.
Then explain to them that the opposite of stand up is sit down, the opposite of left is right.
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
IDEAS TO TEACH CONCEPT OF OPPOSITES
—Use materials that vary in shape, size and colour example white and black
—-show them pictures of people with different emotions example sad and happy
——–talk about specific things that have opposite qualities example the mouse is small, the elephant is big
Choral demonstration of opposites
Ask the children to point up, then, point down.
Opposite of up is down
Let’s all whisper ‘opposites’. Now let’s shout ‘opposites. Opposite of whisper is shout
Write out the opposites of these words
The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.