LEARNING THE ALPHABETS
COMMUNICATION, LANGUAGE AND LITERACY
Kindergarten 1 / KG 1
Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
- Cut out of letters of the alphabet like A , B , C , D
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
Previous Knowledge :
The pupils have been taught
Identification of small letters from a to g
in their previous lesson
Behavioural Objectives : At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- learn letters of the alphabets
- recognize the letters of the alphabets
LEARNING THE ALPHABETS
The alphabets are the building blocks of language. It’s very important that the kids in this class begin to identify their alphabets. It will be practically impossible to teach sounds if the children cannot identify their letters.
For the children to become literate, they must be able to recognise each letter, both in order and out of order, and know the sounds connected to each letter.
To facilitate speedy learning, we advocate for few letters at a time. Every letter that is introduced, the children should be able to recognise it, know the sound and know how to write it.
RECITING THE 26 ALPHABETS ( letter names)
The children must have learnt how to recite the alphabet in their previous class. But you can be rest assured that they will be quite a number of the kids who can not recite the alphabets to the end. Some will be mixing up the letters.
It’s important to start by ensuring accurate recitation of the alphabets
- Teacher says : Can you say your letters?
- Pupils’ response : Yes, I can say my letters
- Teacher says : Say it for me
|ü Pupils’ response:
(It’s very important you have the letters written on several parts of the classroom, so that they children can be seeing it while they read. It helps in their recognition of letters)
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
- Arrange these words in alphabetical order
- Letters of the alphabets Small case or small letters
- Circle the right letters of the alphabet
The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
LEARNING THE LETTER SOUNDS