COMMUNICATION, LANGUAGE AND LITERACY
DIVISION OF THE ALPHABET
Kindergarten 1 / KG 1
Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
- Cut out of letters of the alphabet like A , B , C , D
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
Previous Knowledge :
The pupils have been taught
LEARNING THE LETTER SOUNDS
in their previous lesson
Behavioural Objectives : At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- say the division of the alphabet
- recognize the letters of the alphabets
- say the names of the letters of the alphabet
- Voice out the sounds of the letter of the alphabet
The English alphabet has 26 letters. The letters are divided into two parts—-
vowels and Consonants.
There are five vowel sounds and twenty one consonants.
In all the lessons under this topic, the children will have better understanding of the structure of the English alphabet.
This lesson helps the children to memories the number of letters in the alphabet. It is important for them to know that the English alphabet has 26 letters. This knowledge will help them to know more about the vowels and consonants.
- Teacher : How many letters are in the English alphabet?
- Pupils : There are 26 letters in the English alphabet
:Say it for me.
( This prompting means the children should recite the letters of the alphabet. Adapt this lesson in a way that suits your environment and pupils.)
This lesson is to explore how the alphabet is broken down into two categories.
EXPLANATION: All our words are created by using some of the 26 letters of the alphabet. These letters could be divided into two groups. They are called vowels and consonants. The two groups work together to help us pronounce written words.
Each letter makes a sound. When we know the sound of a letter, we can figure out how to say every word we see.
- Teacher: How is the alphabet divided?
- Pupils : The alphabet is divided into vowels and There are 5 vowels and 21 consonants.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
Teacher : How many letters of the alphabets do we have
Pupils : Twenty six
Teacher How many vowel letters do we have ?
Pupils : There are five vowel letters in the alphabet
Teacher Write out the five vowel letters
Pupils : A E I O U
- Reading and Identification of words starting with letter G
- Reading and Identification of words starting with letter “H”
- Reading and writing of words starting with (a
The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
WRITING LETTERS OF THE ALPHABETS