Subject :


Topic :


Class :

Kindergarten 1 / KG 1


Term :

First Term


Week :

Week 3


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards
  • Cut out of letters of the alphabet like A , B , C , D


Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation



Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught


in their previous lesson

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say the division of the alphabet
  • recognize the letters of the alphabets
  • say the names of the letters of the alphabet
  • Voice out the sounds of the letter of the alphabet



Content :


The English alphabet has 26 letters. The letters are divided into two parts—-


vowels and Consonants.


There are five vowel sounds and twenty one  consonants.


In all the lessons under this topic, the children will have better understanding of the structure of the English alphabet.




This lesson helps the children to memories the number of letters in the alphabet. It is important for them to know that the English alphabet has 26 letters. This knowledge will help them to know more about the vowels and consonants.



  • Teacher : How many letters are in the English alphabet?


  • Pupils : There are 26 letters in the English alphabet

Class Activities

:Say it for me.

( This prompting means the children should recite the letters of the alphabet. Adapt this lesson in a way that suits your environment and pupils.)

This lesson is to explore how the alphabet is broken down into two categories.

EXPLANATION: All our words are created by using some of the 26 letters of the alphabet. These letters could be divided into two groups. They are called vowels and consonants. The two groups work together to help us pronounce written words.

Each letter makes a sound. When we know the sound of a letter, we can figure out how to say every word we see.

  • Teacher: How is the alphabet divided?


  • Pupils : The alphabet is divided into vowels and There are 5 vowels and 21 consonants.








The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise



Class Activities 

Teacher : How many letters of the alphabets do we have

Pupils : Twenty six

Teacher  How many vowel letters do we have ?

Pupils : There are five vowel letters in the alphabet

Teacher   Write out the five vowel letters

Pupils : A  E  I  O  U

Evaluation :

  1. Reading and Identification of words starting with letter G
  2. Reading and Identification of words starting with letter “H”
  3. Reading and writing of words starting with (a





The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.


Assignment :