Vowels and Consonants

Subject :


Topic :

Vowels and consonants

Class :

Kindergarten 1 / KG 1


Term :

First Term


Week :

Week 5


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards
  • Cut out of letters of the alphabet like A , B , C , D


Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation



Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught


in their previous lesson

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • write out vowels and consonant letters of the alphabet



Content :


A vowel is a sound made by blowing air out of the mouth without closing your mouth or teeth.



Consonant is a sound made by moving part of the mouth, lips, tongue or teeth.



Examples: let the whole class say ‘a’ together. You can notice that mouth, tongue, teeth and lips did not move.

Then, ask them to pronounce ‘b’. You notice that for them to pronounce leter ‘b’, they briefly closed their lips.

It may take time for the children in this class to understand this difference, but with time, and constant practice, they will understand.

But make sure they can identify all the vowel letters. But, I often prefer they say the sounds of the letters instead of calling the letter names. Example: instead of saying ‘a’, they should say /ah/.

Write the vowel letters on the board or piece of paper for the children to know their sounds.

As you point at each vowel letter, you say the sound, let the children repeat after you, keep repeating several times.

Reinforce the lesson on different days for better internalization.



  • Teacher : Tell me the five vowel sounds


  • Pupils: five vowel sounds – a e          i           o          u









The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise



Class Activities 

Teacher : Write small letter a ( turn up down and look )

Pupils : Twenty six

Teacher  Write small letter b (stroke down and curve it )

Pupils : There are five vowel letters in the alphabet

Teacher   Write small letter c (Turn it )

Pupils : A  E  I  O  U

Evaluation :


NOTE: You can sometimes act as a vowel. But due to the age of the children in this class, we will not discuss that here until when the children get to the stage of blending sounds to form words.



The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.


Assignment :