Classification of Drug; Drug Abuse

Classification of Drug; Drug Abuse




Term : First Term

Week: Week 5

Class : JSS 1

Previous lesson : The pupils have previous knowledge of  

Family Health: Drug

Topic :

Classification of Drug; Drug Abuse


  1. Classification of Drugs
  2. What is Drug Abuse?
  3. How Drugs Can be Abused
  4. Misuse of Drugs
  5. Other Substances that Can be Abused


Behavioural objectives :

By the end of the lesson, the learners will  be able to


  • Define the classification of Drugs
  • Say What is Drug Abuse?
  • Explain the good use of drugs
  • Define drug abuse
  • Write out the side effects of abusing drugs


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks





Classification of Drugs

There are five classes of drugs that people mostly abuse, namely:

(i) Narcotics e.g. Opium

(ii) Sedatives and Hypnotics e.g. Barbiturates

(iii) Tranquilizers e.g. Valium

(iv) Hallucinogens e.g. LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) and Marijuana.

(v) Stimulants e.g. Amphetamine, Cocaine

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What is Drug Abuse?

Drug abuse is the taking of medically prescribed drugs inappropriately or taking of drug without the Doctor’s prescription.

How Drugs Can be Abused

Drugs can be abused in the following ways:

(i) Taking the prescribed drugs for a purpose other than that which it was intended

(ii) Taking a dosage other than the recommended.

(iii) Taking drugs to induce sleep without prescription from a qualified medical doctor

(iv) Taking drugs to gain confidence or boldness

(v) Taking drugs to attain full sexual satisfaction without prescription.

(vi) Sharing a prescribed drug with other people

(vii) Taking drugs that are not prescribed by Doctors.

(viii) Taking of Expired drugs ignorantly.

Misuse of Drugs

The following are ways through which drugs can be misused:

(i) Some athletics use drugs in form of stimulants

(ii) It is also used as muscle builder.

(ii) It is also used to enhance one’s performances in competition.

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Other substances abused include:

Tea, alcohol, coffee, kola nuts, tobacco, aspirin and other pain killers.

Alcohol affects the body by first making you excited, then making you depressed. The other substances affect the body by causing excitement and preventing sleep.



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher corrects the pupils when and where the needs arise .



  1. Define drug abuse.
  2. Mention some ways in which drugs can be abuse.



The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.