Term : First Term

Week: Week 5

Class : JSS 1

Previous lesson : The pupils have previous knowledge of  

Family Health: Nutrition

Topic :



  1. The Meaning of Drug
  2. Types of Drugs
  3. Sources of Drugs
  4. Uses of Drugs
  5. Side Effects of Drugs


Behavioural objectives :

By the end of the lesson, the learners will  be able to

  • Define drug
  • Say the sources of illegal or illicit drugs
  • Explain the good use of drugs
  • Define drug abuse
  • Write out the side effects of abusing drugs


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks






The Meaning of Drug

Drug can be defined as any substance that can affect the body positively or negatively. Drugs can be taken into the body system directly or indirectly through swallowing, injection or inhalation.

Examples of drugs: Chloroquine, Phensic, Panadol, Kola nut, Alcohol, Indian hemp etc.

Types of Drugs

There are two types of drugs, namely:

(i) Common drugs or prescription drugs e.g. Paracetamol, Chloroquine, Ferrous etc.

(ii) Hard drugs: Hard drugs have adverse effects on the body e.g. heroine, cocaine, marijuana, Indian hemp etc.

Sources of Drugs

Drugs are derived from the following sources:

(i) Plants (e.g. marijuana, opium, cocaine, morphine etc.)

(ii) Animals (e.g. insulin, oestrogen, progesterone etc.) and

(iii) Minerals (e.g. Lithium salt, Carboxylic acids etc.)

Uses of Drugs

(i) Drug can be used for medical purpose

(ii) It is used to reduce weight

(iii) It is used to reduce pain

(iv) It is used to induce sleep

(v) It is used as stimulant

(vi) It is used to cure illness.

Side Effects of Drugs

When drugs are used in wrong way, they can lead to the following effects.

(i) They weaken the body

(ii) They shorten one’s life span

(iii) They can damage the internal organs of the body

(iv) They can bring about lack of consecration

(v) They damage the brain

(vi) They bring about irregular breathing

(vii) They result in economical wastage.





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher corrects the pupils when and where the needs arise .



  1. What is drug?
  2. Define drug
  3. Say five  sources of illegal or illicit drugs
  4. Explain the good use of drugs
  5. Define drug abuse
  6. Write out four side effects of abusing drugs
  7. Give 6 examples of common and hard drugs.
  8. Highlight 6 uses of drug.
  9. List 5 side effects of drug abuse.



The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



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