Family Health Sanitation

Family Health: Sanitation




Term : First Term

Week: Week 2

Class : JSS 1

Previous lesson : The pupils have previous knowledge of  

Introduction to Basic Science

Topic :

Family Health: Sanitation


  1. The Meaning of Sanitation
  2. Types of Sanitation
  3. How to Carry Out Personal Cleanliness
  4. Advantages of Observing Personal Cleanliness
  5. Disadvantages of Not Observing Personal Cleanliness
  6. The Importance of Sanitation

Behavioural objectives :

By the end of the lesson, the learners will  be able to

  • Say the Meaning of Sanitation
  • Mention Types of Sanitation
  • list How to Carry Out Personal Cleanliness
  • Write out the Advantages of Observing Personal Cleanliness
  • Say the Disadvantages of Not Observing Personal Cleanliness
  • Mention The Importance of Sanitation


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks




What is  Sanitation

Sanitation is the removal of all kinds of waste that could be considered unpleasant from our immediate environment, in order to keep ourselves and our environment clean and healthy.  It is a public health condition that is  relating to public health, especially the provision of clean drinking water and adequate sewage disposal. It is a healthy exercises that we make in order to make our society habitable . safe and free from germs and diseases .

Forms Or Samples of Sanitation

The types of sanitation are as follows:

(i) Environmental Sanitation: This refers to the practice or ways of keeping our surrounding clean and healthy by removing all kinds of waste from our rooms, toilets, bathrooms, kitchens and surroundings such as markets,churches , mosques ,fields , gardens or  schools ..
If an environment is sanitized as well, then the community that lives in it is also cleaner and healthier than those living in ignored areas

(ii) Personal cleanliness: This is the keeping of one’s body and personal belongings neat, clean and tidy always. Personal cleanliness is important for health because it prevents very tiny organisms (micro-organisms) which can cause diseases. Personal hygiene can also  be defined as an act of maintaining cleanliness and grooming of the external body. Maintaining good personal hygiene consists of bathing, washing your hands, brushing teeth and sporting clean clothing. Additionally, it is also about making safe and hygienic decisions when you are around others.

How TO Observe Personal Cleanliness

We can carry out personal cleanliness by doing the following:

(i) Cleanliness of the hair: The hair should be washed, combed and plaited or barbed.

(ii) Cleanliness of the skin: The skin should be cleaned by bathing at least twice a day using water, sponge and soap.

(iii) Cleanliness of the teeth: The mouth should be brushed at least twice a day.

(iv) Cleanliness of clothes: Our clothes should be washed and dried in the sun to remove sweat and dirt.

(v) Cleanliness of hands and nails: Hands should be washed regularly and nails should be cut to prevent micro-organisms.


Advantages of Observing Personal Cleanliness

The advantages of not observing personal cleanliness include:

When personal cleanliness is observed, we enjoy the following:

(i) You look attractive and beautiful.

(ii) You will be lively and healthy.

(iii) You will be emotionally balanced

(iv) You will be regular and punctual at school and at work.

(v) One will be socially acceptable.

(vi) Germs will not breed on your food or other edible materials.

(vi) The brain will be at alert.


Disadvantages of Not Observing Personal Cleanliness

The disadvantages of not observing personal cleanliness include:

(i) Poor health

(ii) Spread of diseases

(iii) Death

(iv) Emotional instability

(v) Low self-esteem among others

(vi) Money will be wasted on drugs and hospital.


The Importance of Sanitation

The following are the importance of sanitation:

(i) It prevents and creates awareness of diseases.

(ii) It makes for proper disposal of refuse in the community (village, town, city).

(iii) It enables us to engage in activities that would help us to maintain the balance in nature.

(iv) It encourages recycling of refuse, and using it to make compost and manure.

(v) It facilitate proper disposal of waste in the community.





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher corrects the pupils when and where the needs arise .



  1. What is sanitation?
  2. What is environmental sanitation
  3. State 3 importance of sanitation.
  4. List 5 ways of carrying out personal cleanliness.


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



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