Traditional Leadership

Traditional Leadership

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Subject   :  Civic Education


Class  : Basic  / Primary 2  / Class 2


Term : Second   Term


Week  : Week 3


Topic  :

Traditional Leadership


Previous Knowledge : The pupils have previous knowledge of

The Importance of Title Holders in Nigeria

that was taught  in their previous classes

Behavioural  Objectives : At the end of the lesson , pupils should be able to

  • Explain the meaning of traditional leadership
  • Explain how traditional rulers are chosen
  • Give examples of community leaders in our midst
  • say how traditional leaders may be checked

Instructional Materials 

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Online Resource
  • Textbooks

Methods of Teaching 

  • Role modelling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Recitation
  • Imitation
  • Story Telling

Content :  

Traditional Leadership

Traditions are those rules that are acceptable in a community. Every community or ethnic group has its own customs and traditions according to the law of the land. These traditions guide the people on what to do and on what  not to do, how traditional rites and festivals are conducted , how disputes are settled etc.

Some bad leaders do not follow the law of the land. They treat the people badly, grab peoples’ wives and properties and collect bribe. These may lead to riot, war or unrest  in the community. However, a leader is appointed by some elders in the community or by the dictates of the oracles or customs, so he may also be removed if he fails to follow the tradition or customs  of the land.


The topic is presented step by step

Step 1 : The class teacher revises the old topic

Step 2 : The class teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3 : The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and gives room for pupils” participation


Class Teacher And Pupils Activities. Interaction or  Participation 

This involves class teacher  and pupils interaction , conversation , imitation or modeling through discussion , play method or just by recitation or asking and answering questions that are related to the topic that has just been taught

  • The class teacher ask the pupils to name the names of some councilors in the community
  • A pupil may be dressed as a present or governor and make him or her to act or model as a president or governor
  • The class teacher may help the pupils to say the names  of traditional leaders in Nigeria


  1. The traditional rulers of the Yorubas is called ________
  2. Mention one problem of a traditional ruler __________
  3. Who is the president of Nigeria . _____________
  4. Who is the governor of Lagos state ? ________
  5. How can a traditional ruler be removed from the throne ______
  6. In which Local government council is your school located ? ______
  7. The traditional of the Igbo is called ___________
  8. How does a traditional ruler come into power or position of office _____
  9. The traditional rulers of the Hausa is called __________
  10. What are customs and traditions ? ___________


The class teacher does the necessary corrections and he or she goes round to mark .



The class teacher should stimulate the pupils’ interest  on

The way leaders are chosen in the locality

and make them to read or learn about it as they prepare for the next lesson .


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