Tenses of Active and Passive Voice







Subject : 

English Studies

Term :

Third Term


Week Two

Class :


Previous lesson : 


Speech Work: Diphthong

Grammar: Verb—Introduction

Comprehension: Unit 15, pages 194-195

Vocabulary Development: Air Transport

Composition: Descriptive Essay

Literature: Use of Recommended Text

Topic :

Speech Work: /Iᶕ/ and /aI/

Grammar: Tenses of Active and Passive Voice

Composition: Elements of Descriptive Essay

Literature: Use of Recommended on Prose: Setting and Plot

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • give examples of words with /Iᶕ/ and /aI/ sounds 
  • make sentences correctly in active voices and passive voice in simple present tense
  • write out the elements of descriptive composition
  • meaning of prose , setting and plot in literature

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

Speech Work: 

Diphthong /Iᶕ/ and /aI/

[ei], [ai], [au], [oi], [ou]

ray – ride – how – boy – no


/iᶕ/ /ai/

seer, bear, union                                        

bye, pies   near, idea, India                                              

buy, bite, night

glorious, curious   isle, file, tiles, 


EVALUATION: Give ten more examples on each pair.


The sound [ei] as in RAY

rate – late – Kate – fate – race – base – place – same

dictate – educate – decorate – celebrate – concentrate

cable – table – able – cradle – range – change – strange

baby – bacon – paper – April – danger – angel


How To Pronounce The AI /Aɪ/ Diphthong

Evaluation :

Write five words with the Diphthong words with /Iᶕ/ and /aI/ sounds 


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Grammar: Tenses of Active and Passive Voice

A sentence is said to be in active voice when the subject of the sentence is the doer of action i n that sentence .

Examples are

  • Olu eats rice
  • Mummy sells apples
  • II love my school
  • The horses pull the wagon
  • The teacher drinks tea

A sentence is said to be in passive voice when a noun moves from the position of object in sentence and functions as the subject .

Examples are

  • Rice is eaten by Olu
  • Apples are sold by Mummy
  • My school is loved by me
  • The wagon are pulled by the horses
  • Tea is drunk by the teacher


Rewrite these sentences that are in simple present tenses in Passive voice

  • Jesus loves all the little children of the world
  • My friend loves reading
  • The police always arrests criminals
  • I do my homework
  • Andrew passes all the tests

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Elements of Descriptive Essay

Descriptive Essays are purposely written for the purpose of describing a person , situation , animal ,places ,ideas or concepts The tense that is used in descriptive essay is always simple present tense because we are describing things or situation that are still is . These are the factors that must be bear in made whenever we are writing a descriptive essay 

  • Specific description of names 
  • Shapes or colour that are involved  
  • Who are the people that are involved
  • vivid description of flow of events
  • make mention of the location of the event if the need be
  • make your character come alive by making reference to them in respect of sight , taste , smell or feeling
  • Use colour well.
  • Don’t overdo description
  • Practice writing description as continuous  practices leads to better ways of doing things 
  • Spice up your write up with figures of speech like metaphor , similes , assonance etc
  • Write about what you have fair or enough knowledge on .
  • Do not write on what you don:t know or cook up fake information . You may lose marks if you do so

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  1. What is a descriptive essay
  2. List four elements of descriptive essay



Literature:  Prose, Setting , and Plot

Prose: Prose is one of the three literary genre which are Prose , Drama and Poetry . Prose is a literary work that is presented in a free flow written form and a prose is quite unlike drama that is written in dialogue format or Poetry that is written in lines of verses or stanzas  Prose is a literary device that is used to bring author’s thoughts , ideas or information into life . 

Setting : 



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise



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General Evaluation 

  • Write out five  words with /Iᶕ/ and /aI/ sounds
    1. ………
    2. ………
    3. ………
    4. ……….
    5. ………. 
  • Rewrite the following sentences in Passive voice 
    1. The king rewarded the old slave
    2. The principal sacked the lazy teacher
    3. We attended a party last week
    4. He teaches English.
    5. The child is eating bananas.
    6. She is writing a letter.
    7. The master punished the servant.
    8. He was writing a book.
    9. Who wrote this letter?
    10. Somebody cooks meal every day.
    11. He wore a blue shirt.
    12. May God bless you with happiness!
    13. They are building a house.
    14. The hunter shot the leopard
    15. We saw the old building
  • Write out five elements of descriptive composition 
    1. _______________________
    2. _______________________
    3. _______________________
    4. _______________________
    5. _______________________
  • Define the following 
    1. prose ,
    2. setting
    3. plot in literature
  • Write a descriptive essay on An Eagle 
    • An eagle is a _________ that is very _________ .It lives _________ and feed on _________ It is a bird of _________.Its young one is called an _________ .
  • Rewrite the following in the passive voice.
    1. Who wrote this letter?
    2. Somebody cooks meal every day.
    3. He wore a blue shirt.
    4. May God bless you with happiness!
    5. They are building a house.
    6. I have finished the job.
    7. I sent the report yesterday.
    8. She bought a diamond necklace.
    9. Somebody had stolen my pen
    10. We took her to the hospital



Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.