Meaning of centralized states History JSS 2 First Term Lesson Notes Week

Subject :





JSS 1 / Basic 7


Topic :

Meaning of centralized states.

Sub Topics :


Class :

JSS   1 / Basic 7


Term :

Third Term


Week :

Week 1


Instructional Materials :

  • Map of Nigeria
  • Pictures that are pertaining to the history of the people that are being discussed
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • Online Materials


Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught


Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the learners will be able to

  • explain the meaning of centralization
  • write out the major centralized state before colonization
  • itemize  the features of the centralized states
  • mention at least four characteristics of a centralized state
  • define centralized state


Entry Behaviour 

Learners are familiar with the map of Nigeria and the various states and capitals .

They are aware of the state of the nation during the pre colonial era


Content :



A state refers to a group of people that live in a political community under one government.

A centralized state can therefore be defined as a territory that is governed by a single central authority.This authority could be headed by an individual or a group of individuals.

For example, in pre-colonial Nigeria we had traditional institutions such as the Shehu of Bornu,Sultan of Sokoto and Emirs for Hausa states in the North,Obas in the Yoruba speaking areas of the south-west and among the Edo speaking people of Benin Empire,etc

In a centralized state,the territory is governed under fixed laws and policies .Even if there are local authorities,they follow a single policy executed after it has been ratified by the central authority.


[1] Single constitution; A centralized state is governed by only one constitution,this constitution is controlled and enforced by the ruler and his subordinates.

[2] power resides with the central government;; The central government does not share power with other smaller units of governments.

[3] They are mostly governed by monarchs; Most centralized states are governed by an emperor, a king or a queen

[4] flexible constitution; The laws are most often easy to change. This gives room for quick decision making when there is an emergency ,it also gives opportunity for progress.

[5]POLICIES ARE CENTRALLY PLANNED; policy formulation is done by the central government while implementation cuts across all subordinate units

[6]SINGULAR EXECUTIVE; There is only one executive body that enforces of the land which operates from the central,it is headed by the ruler for instance,an Emir,an oba,etc

[7] SINGULAR LEGISLATURE; There is only one legislature house that makes law for the entire territory,it also operates from the central

[8] singular judiciary; The judiciary at the central oversees all issues pertaining to law s of the land.



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :

  • itemize  the features of the centralized states
  • mention at least four characteristics of a centralized state
  • define centralized state

Meaning of a Centralized State:

  1. A centralized state is a territory governed by a ________ central authority. a) Multiple b) Single c) Local d) None
  2. This central authority can be headed by an individual or a group of ________. a) Families b) Friends c) Individuals d) Animals
  3. In pre-colonial Nigeria, examples of centralized states included the Shehu of Bornu, Sultan of Sokoto, and ________ in the North. a) Mayors b) Kings c) Emirs d) Farmers
  4. In a centralized state, even if there are local authorities, they follow ________ policies ratified by the central authority. a) Different b) Multiple c) Uniform d) Random


Characteristics of Centralized States:

  1. A centralized state is governed by only one ________. a) Ruler b) Constitution c) Law d) Tradition
  2. Power in a centralized state does not share with ________ units of government. a) Smaller b) Independent c) Larger d) Distant
  3. Most centralized states are often governed by an emperor, king, or ________. a) Mayor b) Farmer c) Queen d) Sailor
  4. In a centralized state, laws are often easy to change, allowing for quick decision-making in ________ situations. a) Normal b) Emergency c) Happy d) Slow
  5. Policies in a centralized state are centrally ________. a) Varied b) Fixed c) Planned d) Hidden
  6. The executive body in a centralized state enforces laws from the central and is headed by the ________. a) Minister b) Ruler c) Doctor d) Teacher
  7. There is only one legislature house in a centralized state that makes laws for the entire territory, and it also operates from the ________. a) Local areas b) Moon c) Central d) Forest
  8. The judiciary in a centralized state oversees all issues related to the ________ of the land. a) People b) Animals c) Laws d) Vegetables

Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the learners.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.


Assignment :

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about


Spread the word if you find this helpful! Click on any social media icon to share