Consequences of ethnicity

Subject : 

Civic Education

Term :

Second Term / 2nd Term


Week 7

Class :

Basic 4 / Grade 4 / Primary 4


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of various topics that have been taught in their previous classes

Topic :

Consequences of ethnicity

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Define the consequences of ethnicity

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

What are Consequences of ethnicity

  1. There will be unnecessary communal conflicts among the members of the community as each member of the community will tend to protect his or her own community at the detriment of others . This communal violence if unchecked may lead to political violence most especially during election campaigns
  2. The colonial masters used ethnicity as a tool of administration through their system so assimilation and that of indirect rule . Nigeria was divided into three major entities that is based on major tribal groups that were prominent at that time which are Igbo , Yoruba and Hausa or North , East  and West .
  3. Nepotism , Tribalism and Discrimination are all related to ethnicity bias of people that are highly placed in political office . political position are given out to individuals based on who knows who .
  4. There is infrastructure  decadency and under development . Development could be in terms of provision of social amenities like electricity, pipe borne water, good roads, hospitals, and schools. When ethnicity is practiced, the government favors one area against another. This is bad. It should therefore be discouraged.
  5. Waste of manpower. Manpower refers to human resources. Owing to ethnicity, workers that are qualified or highly skilled may not be employed because they belong to one ethnic group or another. This is waste of manpower resources.




The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



  • Mention three major ethnic groups in Nigeria
  • Mention four problems of ethnicity in Nigeria
  • Write out four features of a country




Prepare for the next lesson by reading about  Solution to the problem of ethnicity in Nigeria



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