National Consciousness (2)

Subject : 

Civic Education

Term :

Second Term / 2nd Term


Week 5

Class :

Basic 4 / Grade 4 / Primary 4


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of various topics that have been taught in their previous classes

Topic :

National Consciousness (2)

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Define National Consciousness (2)
  • List attributes or features of  National Consciousness (2)
  • Explain or mention names of Nigerians that help Nigerians to achieve National Consciousness (2)
  • Mention the responsibilities of each Nigerian towards sustaining National Consciousness (2)


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

What is National Consciousness 

National Consciousness is the awakening and awareness of the generality of individuals in a country towards the ways and manners that they will be governed or led as a country . It is a shared sense of values and responsibility towards the steering the ship of a nation as an entity that is devoid of religious , ethnic or tribal bias .

Features or Characteristics  of National Consciousness

  • Religion : Religion is the way and manner that we worship . In Nigeria we have three major religions which are Christianity , Islam and Traditional religion . We can encourage and promote National Consciousness by declaring National Holidays to celebrate various religious events , celebrations or festivals
  • History : Common historical background or ancestry. A nation is made up of people having a common historical background, a people sharing common ancestors or historical origin. Oduduwa, for instance, is regarded by the Yoruba as their father.
  • Territory : A nation must be made up of people, and must occupy a physical location in a particular area of the earth. The Yoruba people, for instance, occupy a given area in Nigeria called the southwest, although they can also be found in other places. (The southwest of Nigeria covers Lagos, Ondo, Oyo, Osun, Ekiti, Kogi and Kwara States.
  • Language : People within a nation speak a similar language. Language is the foremost medium of communication. The Hausa understanding among them. So when a Hausa person meets another Hausa person, they speak the common language which unites them, and marks them out as a nation. So also do Igbo persons Relationship by blood. The people we regard as a nation belong to the same blood
  • Custom : A nation is made up of people having similar customs and habits. Customs and tradition are the ways of life of a people. These include beliefs, ideas, marriage, greetings and language. Each of the nations we have mentioned under the meaning of‘  nation, has common customs and traditions.





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



  • Is Nigeria a Nation or a Country
  • Mention four characteristics of a nation
  • Write out four features of a country
  • What are the roles or duties of children at home . mention six
  • State two reasons for creating National consciousness among Nigerians
  •  List five main roles of the mother at home.
  • List three roles of the male child at home.




Prepare for the next lesson by reading about Ethnicity



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