FAMILY HEALTH (II) (NUTRITION)

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT FAMILY HEALTH IMPORTANCE OF GOOD NUTRITION

FIRST TERM E-LEARNING NOTE

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE CLASS: JSS1

Term : First Term

Week: Week 7

Class : JSS 1

Previous lesson : The pupils have previous knowledge of  

Family health (I) FAMILY HEALTH (SANITATION) (I)

Topic :

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT FAMILY HEALTH (NUTRITION)

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • explain the meaning of nutrition
  • say the importance of good diet
  • define balanced diet
  • list the classes of food

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation

 

Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks
  • Precious seed BASIC SCIENCE FOR JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS BOOK 1
  • NIGERIAN BASIC SCIENCE PROJECT BOOK ONE,

 

CONTENT

TOPIC: FAMILY HEALTH (II) (NUTRITION)

CONTENT

  • FOOD AND BALANCED DIET
  • TYPE / COMPOSITION
  • BALANCED

FOOD AND BALANCED DIET

Nutrition is the intake of food by all living organisms(i.e. plants and animals) in order to live well.

Food is a substance that we eat and digest in order to provide energy and help in body building. Food is also anything taken to provide energy, nutrients, to build the body, to relace worn-out cells and to grow and develop a healthy body. It includes many things we eat and drink except alcohol, cigarettes and drugs

BALANCED DIET: An adequate diet is one that is sufficient in quantity and food nutrients in required amount or proportions.

An adequate diet is called balanced diet.

In terms of quantity, the human body requires more carbohydrates followed by proteins lipids, vitamins and minerals.

PROCEDURE FOR PLANNING A BALANCED DIET

1 Plan in a tabular form, an adequate diet for your home, in your own part of Nigeria.

2 Use as far as possible locally produced food items.

3 In cases where you have a choice use food items you personally prefer.

TYPES OF FOOD

Types

1 Solid or liquid e.g.

Solid foods Liquid foods

Yam Milk

Rice Cocoa drinks like Milo

Bread Bourn vita

Beans Fruit juice

2. Local foods e.g.

Local foods

Beans

Rice

Yam

Sweet potato

  1. Imported foods

Milk

Stockfish

Butt Pasta

  1. Cereals, vegetables and fruits e.g.

Cereals

Rice

Corn flakes

Wheat

  1. Fruits e.g. mango, orange, lemon, apple, pear, guava, etc.
  2. Vegetables: okra, spinach, waterleaf, lettuce etc.

 

  1. Foods eaten raw or cooked e.g.

Foods eaten raw

Lettuce

Pawpaw

Mango

Banana

Cucumber

  1.        Foods eaten cooked

Yam

Rice

Beans

Meat

Potato

Food can also be grouped into three categories according to the functions they perform in the body . These are:

  1. Energy giving food e.g. carbohydrates, fats and oils.
  2. Body building food e.g. proteins.
  3. Protective food e.g. vitamins and mineral salts.

EVALUATION

  1. Give three ways of planning for adequate diet.
  2. State five examples of food eaten raw.

Presentation

 

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher corrects the pupils when and where the needs arise .

 

 

Conclusion

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.

 

 

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