HUMAN DEVELOPMENT FAMILY HEALTH IMPORTANCE OF GOOD NUTRITION
FIRST TERM E-LEARNING NOTE
SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE CLASS: JSS1
Term : First Term
Week: Week 7
Class : JSS 1
Previous lesson : The pupils have previous knowledge of
Family health (I) FAMILY HEALTH (SANITATION) (I)
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT FAMILY HEALTH (NUTRITION)
Behavioural objectives :
At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- explain the meaning of nutrition
- say the importance of good diet
- define balanced diet
- list the classes of food
Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
- Precious seed BASIC SCIENCE FOR JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS BOOK 1
- NIGERIAN BASIC SCIENCE PROJECT BOOK ONE,
TOPIC: FAMILY HEALTH (II) (NUTRITION)
- FOOD AND BALANCED DIET
- TYPE / COMPOSITION
FOOD AND BALANCED DIET
Nutrition is the intake of food by all living organisms(i.e. plants and animals) in order to live well.
Food is a substance that we eat and digest in order to provide energy and help in body building. Food is also anything taken to provide energy, nutrients, to build the body, to relace worn-out cells and to grow and develop a healthy body. It includes many things we eat and drink except alcohol, cigarettes and drugs
BALANCED DIET: An adequate diet is one that is sufficient in quantity and food nutrients in required amount or proportions.
An adequate diet is called balanced diet.
In terms of quantity, the human body requires more carbohydrates followed by proteins lipids, vitamins and minerals.
PROCEDURE FOR PLANNING A BALANCED DIET
1 Plan in a tabular form, an adequate diet for your home, in your own part of Nigeria.
2 Use as far as possible locally produced food items.
3 In cases where you have a choice use food items you personally prefer.
TYPES OF FOOD
1 Solid or liquid e.g.
Solid foods Liquid foods
Rice Cocoa drinks like Milo
Bread Bourn vita
Beans Fruit juice
2. Local foods e.g.
- Imported foods
- Cereals, vegetables and fruits e.g.
- Fruits e.g. mango, orange, lemon, apple, pear, guava, etc.
- Vegetables: okra, spinach, waterleaf, lettuce etc.
- Foods eaten raw or cooked e.g.
Foods eaten raw
- Foods eaten cooked
Food can also be grouped into three categories according to the functions they perform in the body . These are:
- Energy giving food e.g. carbohydrates, fats and oils.
- Body building food e.g. proteins.
- Protective food e.g. vitamins and mineral salts.
- Give three ways of planning for adequate diet.
- State five examples of food eaten raw.
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher corrects the pupils when and where the needs arise .
The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
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