The Soil

Subject : 

Basic Science and Technology


Topic : 

The Soil


Term :

First Term




Week  7



Class :

Primary 1 / Basic 1



Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of


Road safety rules




Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say what is soil
  • mention types of soil
  • write out the uses of different types of soil


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures different types of local roads or highways
  • Related Online Video
  • soil samples
  • flash cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :


What is soil

Soil is the upper part of the earth surface that plants can grow on it and animals can move on it .

Soil can also be used for moulding clay pots or building houses .

We can find living things like earthworms , locust or some other insects living in the soil.

Some of the other things that we can find in the soil are 

  • small stones
  • air
  • ants
  • millipede

The types of soil

  • loamy soil
  • clay soil
  • sandy soil



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



Mention three types of soil

  1. _______________________________________________
  2. ______________________________________________
  3. ______________________________________________

mention two organisms that live in the soil

  1. —————-
  2. —————




Prepare for the next lesson by reading about

Living organisms in the soil

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