Poem Analysis Tips
Here’s a list of steps to analyze a poem for primary 2 pupils:
- Read the poem: Start by reading the poem aloud to yourself or have a teacher read it to you.
- Identify the poem’s title and author: Find out the name of the poem and who wrote it.
- Determine the theme: What is the poem about? What message is the author trying to convey? Ask yourself these questions to help you figure out the poem’s theme.
- Look for figurative language: Poets often use figurative language such as similes, metaphors, and personification to create vivid imagery in their work. Look for examples of these and try to understand what they mean.
- Identify the rhyme scheme: Poems often use a specific pattern of rhyming words. Look for words that sound similar at the end of each line and try to figure out the rhyme scheme.
- Analyze the structure: Pay attention to how the poem is structured. Does it have stanzas? How many lines are in each stanza? How does the structure of the poem contribute to its overall meaning?
- Consider the tone: The tone of a poem refers to the author’s attitude towards the subject matter. Is the tone serious, playful, sad, or happy? Think about how the tone contributes to the poem’s meaning.
- Use your own words: Finally, try to summarize the poem in your own words. What do you think the poem is about? What message is the author trying to convey? Use what you’ve learned from the previous steps to help you write your summary.
By following these steps, you can begin to analyze a poem and understand its deeper meaning. Keep practicing and you’ll become an expert at analyzing poetry!
- What is the first step in analyzing a poem? a. Identify the theme b. Look for figurative language c. Read the poem d. Determine the rhyme scheme
- What is the purpose of identifying the title and author of a poem? a. To memorize the poem b. To give credit to the author c. To understand the poem’s structure d. To understand who the poem is about
- What is the definition of a theme in a poem? a. The main idea or message b. The rhyming words in each stanza c. The author’s tone d. The number of lines in the poem
- What is figurative language? a. Words that are spelled the same but have different meanings b. Words that sound the same but have different meanings c. Words that create vivid imagery d. Words that are repeated throughout the poem
- What is the purpose of identifying the rhyme scheme in a poem? a. To determine the author’s tone b. To understand the poem’s structure c. To identify the main idea d. To determine if the poem is a limerick
- What is the purpose of analyzing the structure of a poem? a. To memorize the poem b. To understand the rhyme scheme c. To understand how the poem is organized d. To identify the figurative language
- What is the tone of a poem? a. The main idea or message b. The author’s attitude towards the subject c. The rhyming words in each stanza d. The number of lines in the poem
- What is the purpose of using your own words to summarize a poem? a. To memorize the poem b. To demonstrate understanding of the poem c. To identify the figurative language d. To determine the rhyme scheme
- What is a simile? a. A comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as” b. A word that sounds like what it means c. A comparison of two unlike things without using “like” or “as” d. A word that is spelled the same but has a different meaning
- What is a metaphor? a. A comparison of two unlike things without using “like” or “as” b. A comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as” c. A word that sounds like what it means d. A word that is spelled the same but has a different meaning
Title: Poem Analysis for JSS 2
At the end of the lesson, JSS 2 pupils will be able to analyze a poem by identifying its title and author, determining the theme, looking for figurative language, identifying the rhyme scheme, analyzing the structure, considering the tone, and using their own words to summarize the poem.
- Whiteboard and markers
- Poems for analysis (e.g. nursery rhymes, short poems)
- Handout with steps for analyzing a poem
- Multiple-choice questions related to poem analysis
- Prize for the student with the highest score in the quiz
Introduction (5 minutes):
- Greet the pupils and introduce the lesson by asking them if they have ever read a poem before.
- Explain that today, they will learn how to analyze a poem and understand its deeper meaning.
- Ask if anyone knows what the word “analyze” means
Body (35 minutes):
- Write the steps for analyzing a poem on the whiteboard:
- Read the poem
- Identify the poem’s title and author
- Determine the theme
- Look for figurative language
- Identify the rhyme scheme
- Analyze the structure
- Consider the tone
- Use your own words to summarize the poem
- Give each pupil a handout with the steps for analyzing a poem.
- Read a short poem aloud to the class and model the process of analyzing it, using the steps on the whiteboard.
- Ask the pupils to work in pairs and analyze a different poem using the steps on the handout.
- Circulate around the room and provide assistance as needed.
- After 15 minutes, ask some pupils to share their analysis of their poem with the class.
- Give a quiz with ten multiple-choice questions related to poem analysis to assess the pupils’ understanding of the topic.
- Award a prize to the pupil with the highest score in the quiz.
Conclusion (5 minutes):
- Review the steps for analyzing a poem and ask the pupils if they have any questions.
- Encourage the pupils to practice analyzing poems on their own and to share what they learn with their classmates.
The pupils will be assessed based on their participation in the pair work, their ability to analyze a poem using the steps provided, and their score in the quiz.