Consonant Clusters, Adjectives (Comparative and Superlative Adjectives) and Introduction to Prose (Features of Prose)













Previous lesson: 

The pupils have previous knowledge of


that was taught as a topic during the last lesson.




Topic :

Consonant Clusters,

Adjectives (Comparative and Superlative Adjectives) and

Introduction to Prose (Features of Prose)




Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • define adjectives
  • mention types of adjectives
  • explain consonant cluster
  • compose a nice composition on the given topic


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards



Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation




Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks






SPEECH WORK: Consonant Clusters

STRUCTURE: Adjectives (Comparative and Superlative Adjectives)

Comprehension: The Atmosphere                     

Vocabulary Development: Politics

Compositions: My New Year Resolution

Literature: Introduction to Prose (Features of Prose)


ASPECT: Speech Work

Topic: Consonant Clusters

Consonant clusters occur when two or more consonants stick together without any vowel in between them. Consonant cluster is also known as consonant blend. Therefore, when speaking, it is wrong to put any vowel in between such consonants. For example: play, flow, grow, break,  trim.

Some words have only two consonants clustering while others have three and some, four.

Examples are

  • Bl: blank, black, blue, blister, blight, blast, bloom, bluff, blink, blast.
  • Fr: fried, French, frank, frolic, frigid, friend, freak, frozen, frill, fraction, fragment.
  • St: stare, store, stir, sty, stick, stuck, stroke, state, statement, still, stiff, storm, stammer.

Examples in sentences

  1. The troubled boy cried all night.
  2. Musa sprayed insecticide on the ants.
  3. They asked for a new box.
  4. Jane is a strong girl.
  5. The baby crawled into the room.




  1. What is a consonant cluster?
  2. List five words containing consonant clusters.
  3. Write five sentences containing consonant clusters.


ASPECT: Structure

TOPIC: Adjectives (Comparative and Superlative Adjectives)

An adjective is a word that qualifies, describes or tells us more about a noun. Adjectives are known as describing words. Adjective is one of the parts of speech in English language E.g. big house, white board, tall boy, heavy boxbeautiful girlnice and gentle personfat womantwo pencils, round, smoothsharp tusk, useful advice etc.

  1. Mr Ade is a nice and gentle.
  2. He lives in a glass house.
  3. Mrs Talabi is a fat woman
  4. James is a brilliant boy.
  5. Chief Hammed Omole is a wealthy politician .

In the above sentences the underlined words are adjectives. They describe or add meaning to the noun.

Types of Adjectives

Adjective of Quality: These adjectives describe i.e they tell us “what sort” e.g.

  1. She is a virtuous.
  2. I have a black.
  3. That is a long.
  4. Edet is wicked .
  5. The weather is cold.

Adjective of Quantity: It shows how much or how many. e.g.

  1. There are ten bottles on the table.
  2. She has much
  3. He has many friends at school.
  4. There are two black birds sitting on the wall .
  5. Many people are called but only few people are chosen.

Possessive Adjective: It shows a person owns a property or thing.

  1. Timi is walking with his daddy.
  2. Our army will defeat yours.
  3. These are your materials.
  4. Where is my bag?
  5. Your mum is waiting for you outside

Adjective of Nationality: It shows a person’s race.

  1. The Nigerian boxer won the fight.
  2. Some Japanese businessmen came yesterday.
  3. The Indian girl in my class had the highest score in English.
  4. The Nigerian Naira is very weak when compared with the American Dollars
  5. Am a confirmed Ijebu Man

Demonstrative Adjective: This shows distance or number of nouns, whether singular or plural.

  1. This pen belongs to me.
  2. That castle on the mountain was built by Lord Hassier.
  3. These books on the table are mine.
  4. I warned those boys not to climb the tree.
  5. These apples are bad

Interrogative Adjective: They are used with nouns to ask questions.

  1. What book are you reading now?
  2. Whose house is that?
  3. Which boy can answer this question?
  4. Did you find Daisy?
  5. When will we play?
  6. Do you know Rama?
  7. Which subject would you like to write a poem on?
  8. Who made this beautiful pair of shoes?

Classification of Adjectives

Adjectives are classified according to degree – from the least to the highest. For example:

Adjective Comparative Superlative
high higher highest
weak weaker weakest
strong stronger strongest
fat fatter fattest
cheap cheaper cheapest

A few adjectives have their comparative and superlatives formed differently. For example:

Adjective Comparative Superlative
little less least
good better best
many more most
much more most
well better best


Brighter Grammar book 1 pg 33 Exercise E questions 1, 4, 5, 7, 8, 12


ASPECT: Composition

TOPIC: My New Year Resolution

Resolution is a firm decision or promise (to yourself) to do something. New Year resolution is the resolution made on the 1st of January. E.g.

I made a resolution to work harder this year.

I make a resolution to be more regular in church this year.


The students should be called out to share their New Year resolutions.


ASPECT: Literature

TOPIC: Prose

SUB-TOPIC: Introduction to Prose

Meaning of Prose

Prose is a written or spoken language that is not in verse form. It can also be defined as long, free written work done in sentences, paragraphs and chapters. In order prose is a novel.

Features of Prose

  1. Plot: This is the events that make up the story.
  2. Characterizations: These are the people who are portrayed in a book, play or movie.
  3. Style: This is whether the author uses short or long sentences; simple or complex sentences.
  4. Settings: This refers to the location of the story, that is, where the incident takes place.
  5. Theme: The theme refers to the central idea which runs through the story.

Recommended texts should be read for proper teaching of the features of prose.


  1. What is prose?
  2. List the features of prose and explain them.







The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise





The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out a short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she makes the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.










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