HISTORY OF LAGOS AND HOW TO LOCATE LAGOS ON A MAP OF NIGERIA

Subject  :

History 

 

Class:

Primary 2

Term:

Third Term

 

Week:

Week 2 & 3

 

Topic:

History of Lagos state

 

Previous Lesson :

 

Primary 2 Third Term History Lesson Notes

 

Behavioural  Objectives :

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to

  • Define the word state
  • Write the features of a state
  • Locate Lagos state on the map of Nigeria
  • Introduce students to the concept of a state, its features, and to give an overview of Lagos State.

 

 

Instructional Materials 

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Online Resource
  • Map of Nigeria
  • Map of Nigeria,
  • Pictures of Lagos State
  • Whiteboard
  • Markers.

 

Methods of Teaching 

  • Role modelling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Recitation
  • Imitation
  • Story Telling
  • Dramatization

 

Content: 

Definition of a state

Hello pupils ! Today, we are going to learn about the word “state”. In Nigerian history, a state refers to a region or territory that is governed by a central authority. This central authority is responsible for making laws, providing services like healthcare, education and security, and maintaining order within the state.

Let’s use an example to help us understand this better. Nigeria is made up of several states like Lagos, Kano, Rivers, and many others. Each of these states has its own governor, who is in charge of the state’s affairs. The governor is responsible for ensuring that the state’s resources are used wisely and that the people living in the state are well taken care of.

Another example is the colonial period in Nigeria. Before Nigeria became an independent country, it was divided into several regions or states, which were each governed by a British colonial administrator. These administrators were responsible for maintaining law and order, and for ensuring that the resources of the region were used to benefit the British empire.

So, a state is a region or territory that is governed by a central authority. This authority is responsible for making laws, providing services, and maintaining order within the state

 

Evaluation

  1. A state is a region or __________ that is governed by a central authority.
  2. The central authority of a state is responsible for making __________.
  3. The central authority of a state is responsible for providing services like healthcare, education, and __________.
  4. The central authority of a state is responsible for maintaining __________ within the state.
  5. Nigeria is made up of several __________.
  6. Each state in Nigeria has its own __________.
  7. The governor of a state is responsible for ensuring that the state’s resources are used __________.
  8. Before Nigeria became an independent country, it was divided into several regions or states, which were each governed by a __________ colonial administrator.
  9. Colonial administrators were responsible for maintaining __________ and order in the regions.
  10. A state is an important unit of __________ that helps to ensure that people in the region are well taken care of.

Features of a state

  1. Sovereignty: A state is a sovereign entity, which means that it has the power to make its own laws and govern itself without interference from other countries.

Example: Nigeria is a sovereign state, which means that it has the power to make its own laws and govern itself without interference from other countries.

  1. Territory: A state has a defined territory, which includes the land and the waters under its control.

Example: Lagos State has a defined territory, which includes the land and waters under its control.

  1. Government: A state has a government, which is responsible for making laws, providing services, and maintaining order within the state.

Example: Lagos State has a government, which is responsible for making laws, providing services, and maintaining order within the state.

  1. Population: A state has a population of people who live within its borders.

Example: Lagos State has a population of people who live within its borders.

  1. Economy: A state has an economy, which includes the businesses, industries, and other economic activities within its borders.

Example: Lagos State has an economy that includes businesses, industries, and other economic activities within its borders.

  1. Military: A state has a military, which is responsible for defending the state against external threats.

Example: Nigeria has a military, which is responsible for defending the state against external threats

How to locate Lagos state on the map of Nigeria 🇳🇬

  1. First, we need to find Nigeria on the map. Nigeria is located in West Africa and is shaped like a rectangle. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the south, Benin to the west, Niger to the north, and Chad and Cameroon to the east.
  2. Once we have found Nigeria on the map, we need to look for Lagos state. Lagos state is located in the southwestern part of Nigeria, near the Atlantic Ocean.
  3. Lagos state is the smallest state in Nigeria and is shaped like a peninsula. It is surrounded by water on three sides, with the Atlantic Ocean to the south, Lagos Lagoon to the north, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west.
  4. On the map, Lagos state is usually shown as a small, rectangular shape that juts out into the Gulf of Guinea. It is bordered by Ogun state to the north and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south and west

Evaluation

  1. What is a state? A. A city B. A region or territory governed by a central authority C. A river D. A mountain
  2. What is the responsibility of the central authority of a state? A. Making laws B. Providing services like healthcare and education C. Maintaining order within the state D. All of the above
  3. What does sovereignty mean? A. A state has a defined territory B. A state has a government C. A state has a population D. A state has the power to govern itself without interference from other countries
  4. Which part of Nigeria is Lagos state located in? A. North B. South C. East D. West
  5. What body of water is Lagos state surrounded by on three sides? A. Lagos Lagoon B. Niger River C. Atlantic Ocean D. Lake Chad
  6. What is the responsibility of the governor of a state? A. Ensuring that the state’s resources are used wisely B. Maintaining law and order within the state C. Providing services like healthcare and education D. All of the above
  7. Which colonial power governed Nigeria before it became an independent country? A. France B. Spain C. Germany D. Britain
  8. Which of the following is a feature of a state? A. Population B. Economy C. Military D. All of the above
  9. Which of the following is NOT a border of Nigeria? A. Atlantic Ocean B. Benin C. Ethiopia D. Chad
  10. Which of the following is a feature of Lagos state? A. Sovereignty B. Territory C. Government D. Economy

 

Evaluation

  1. A ______ is a region or territory governed by a central authority.
  2. A state has a defined ______ that includes the land and the waters under its control.
  3. A state has a ______, which is responsible for making laws, providing services, and maintaining order within the state.
  4. A state is a ______ entity, which means that it has the power to make its own laws and govern itself without interference from other countries.
  5. Lagos state is located in the _______ part of Nigeria.
  6. Lagos state is the _______ state in Nigeria.
  7. Lagos state is surrounded by water on _______ sides.
  8. A state has a ______ of people who live within its borders.
  9. A state has an ______, which includes the businesses, industries, and other economic activities within its borders.
  10. Nigeria was a colony of ______ before it became an independent country

Answer the following questions? 

  1. What is a state and what are its main features?
  2. What is the responsibility of the central authority of a state?
  3. What does sovereignty mean and why is it important for a state?
  4. Where is Lagos state located and what are some of its unique features?
  5. What is the responsibility of the governor of a state?
  6. What was the colonial history of Nigeria and which country colonized it?
  7. What are some of the defining features of a state’s territory?
  8. What is the role of a state’s population?
  9. How does a state’s economy contribute to its overall health?
  10. What are some of the challenges that a state may face in maintaining order and providing services to its citizens?

 

Lesson Plan Presentation

Title: Introduction to States and Lagos State

Previous Lesson 

Introduction (5 minutes):

  1. Greet the students and introduce the topic of the lesson, which is states and Lagos State.
  2. Ask the students if they know what a state is and write down their responses on the whiteboard.

Body (25 minutes):

  1. Define a state as a region or territory governed by a central authority.
  2. Discuss the main features of a state, including sovereignty, defined territory, and a government responsible for making laws and providing services.
  3. Explain the colonial history of Nigeria and which country colonized it.
  4. Locate Lagos State on the map of Nigeria and discuss its unique features, including its location in the southwestern part of the country, its status as the smallest state in Nigeria, and its proximity to water (surrounded on three sides by the Lagos Lagoon and the Atlantic Ocean).
  5. Discuss the responsibilities of the governor of Lagos State and give examples of the services that the government provides, such as healthcare and education.

Conclusion (5 minutes):

  1. Summarize the main points of the lesson.
  2. Ask the students if they have any questions or if there is anything they would like to add.
  3. Encourage the students to research more about the topic and ask questions if they have any doubts.

Assessment:

  1. Distribute the ten fill-in-the-blank questions and ten multiple-choice questions to the students and have them complete the quiz.
  2. Evaluate the students’ responses and provide feedback on their performance.

Extension Activities:

  1. Ask the students to draw a map of Nigeria and label the states, including Lagos State.
  2. Have the students research more about Lagos State and prepare a short presentation to share with the class.
  3. Have the students compare and contrast Lagos State with another state in Nigeria

THIRD TERM EXAMINATION FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS PRIMARY 1 TO PRIMARY 6 MUSIC