Elements of Dance Drama

Dance drama components


Cultural and Creative Arts








Elements of Dance Drama


Previous lesson: 

The pupils have previous knowledge of


that was taught as a topic in the previous lesson


Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the learners will be able to

  • say the meaning of Elements of Dance Drama
  • give examples of various types of Elements of Dance Drama
  • explain the importance of Elements of Dance Drama
  • point out the need to appreciate Elements of Dance Drama

Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards



Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks





Topic: Elements of Dance Drama

Dance Drama: – In dance drama, Performer impersonates Characters through the physical movement of the body and enact a story through the sequence of mime and movement (dance) without any utterances.

List the Elements of Dance Drama

1. Music

2. Movement

3. Acting

4. Sets and Costumes

5. Lighting

6. Directing

7. Audience Engagement


  • Plot: – This is the order of events or arrangement of the story as they occur in a given play. The plot can be simple, complex, compound.
  • Theme: -This is the central or main idea of a drama. It is also called the subject matter or the message.
  • Characterization: -Actors and Actresses are responsible for bringing to life the characters they portray during performance.
  • Dialogue: -It is the choice of words, used by the playwright and the way these words are clearly delivered by actors.
  • Music: – It comprises of rhythm and melody in the use of sound and speeches.
  • Spectacle: – spectacle refers to the visual effect of the drama production. This effect can be created by through Scenery, Costumes, Props, make-up and special effects.
  • Action: – In dance drama, motion and movements are always the features which  are used by the characters to portray their message to the audience.
  • Setting: -This refers to the stage and the background of the dance drama.This determines the mood of the overall performance.
  • Dance: -This is the organized movement of body.



Dance drama is a theatrical performance that combines the elements of dance, music, and acting. It is usually performed in front of an audience, either on stage or in a movie theater. Dance dramas can be either serious or comedic in nature, and they often tell a story or convey a message through the use of movement, gesture, and facial expressions.

Some of the most famous dance dramas include “Swan Lake,” “The Nutcracker,” and “Cinderella.” These ballets are based on stories that are familiar to many people, and they are often performed by professional ballet companies. However, there are also many modern dance dramas that have been created in recent years.






The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise



  1. Discuss dance drama.
  2. Identify and describe four elements of dance drama.
  3. Explain these:-(i) Plot (ii) Dialogue (iii) Spectacle (iv) Theme
  4. List four elements of dance drama




Objective Test:

1.———– is the central or main idea of a drama. (a) Music (b) Dialogue (c) Theme (d) Characterization

2.The visual effects of the dance drama production is ————-

(a) Dance (b)Spectacle (c) setting (d) Plot

3.The order of events as they occur in a play is called ———-

(a) Plot (b) Dialogue (c) Dance  (d) Action.

4.————- is the organized movement of the body.

(a) Music (b) Theme (c) Setting (d) Dance

Essay Test:

  1. List and explain four elements of dance drama.
  2. Discuss what you understand by dance drama.
  3. What is a dance drama?
  4. Dance dramas can be either serious or ________ in nature
  5. Some of the most famous dance dramas include “Swan Lake,” “The Nutcracker,” and “________.”





The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out short notes to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.




Read about    TRADITIONAL  NIGERIAN  ART         in preparation for the next lesson