Functions of Specialists in Health Education












Previous lesson: 

The pupils have previous knowledge of


that was taught as a topic in the previous lesson


Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the learners will be able to

  • Explain the Functions of Specialists in Health Education
  • point out the importance of playing hockey


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards



Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks




Qualifications of Specialists in Physical Education

Before you can be qualified as a Physical and Health Education specialist, you must have obtained one of the following:

(i) Diploma in Physical and Health Education

(ii) NCE in Physical and Health Education

(iii) B.Ed/ B.A/B.Sc in Physical Education and human kinetics

(iv) Master of Education (M.Ed), Master of Arts (M.A), Master of Science (M.Sc) in Physical and Health Education

(v) Ph.D in Physical and Health Education

Functions of Physical Education Specialists

(i) Teaching: Physical Education specialists are good in teaching the subject in schools and colleges. They are in charge of building young students from the grass root

(ii) Coaching: They are good in coaching groups of people or individuals. They give training to teams and athletes to prepare them for competitions

(iii) Physical Training: This is another part of Physical Education which deals with training in different types of exercises.

(iv) Sport Psychologists: These are specialists who deal with the mental aspects of the game. They concentrate on exercises which develop mind

(v) Sports Marketers: These are specialists in marketing sports. They are in charge of the publicity, ticketing, purchasing of sports equipment.

(vi) Exercise Therapists: These are specialists in exercises only. They master exercises and know which exercise is suitable for a particular disease or incident.

Functions of Specialists in Health Education

(i) Teaching: The health officers teach in health schools. They make sure schools are neat and clean.

(ii) Community: The specialists play the role of health officers who are in charge of the cleanliness of every surrounding. They have the right to sue any defaulter to the appropriate authority for further action.

(iii) Health Journalism: The specialists publicise matters affecting or concerning sport and the people’s health.

(iv) Consultancy: The specialists grant people consultancy services. People go to them for consultancy, to settle in their office when they help people on what to do to improve their health.

(v) Grounds men: They function as workers who take care of the ground, place of play and recreational grounds. They take care of the cleanliness of the areas, cut the bushes and grasses, and water the flowers and other odd jobs in the terrain.

(vi) Sport administrator: A sport administrator is the person in charge of a particular sport. Example; Football administrators is the person in charge of all football matters in the country.


  1. List five (5) functions of a Physical Education specialist.
  2. What are the qualifications required to become a specialist in Physical and Health Education?


The beginning of Physical and Health Education in Nigeria can be traced back to 1900 when the colonial masters first came into the country. Although some physical activities have been carried out in an informal ways before the emergence of the colonial master. Activities such as fishing, riding of horse, hunting, swimming, moon light games, wrestling, climbing hills, traditional boxing, archery, spear throwing etc have been practiced primitively. But physical training came into Nigeria through the colonial masters. All the above mentioned primitive physical activities were formalized with rules and regulations, training then were being carried out to develop some people such as Police Force, Army Force and Soldiers.

Later on, Physical  education was introduced to school curriculum in some polytechnic and tertiary institutions such as Yaba-Tech, University of Ibadan, University of Zaria, University of Ife etc. among the first graduate of physical education are –

  1. Prof M.O. Ajisafe, from Nzuka University
  2. H.J. Ekperigin, Isaac Akioye, M.T. Adiuku, Awoture Eleyae, Anthony Omo Osagie, etc.

Physical Education became popular through the above mentioned names because they ensure that it was included in the school curriculum. Today physical education has been taught at various levels from primary schools to tertiary institutions.

Sports Heroes/Professionals in Nigeria and their Contributions

  1. H.J. Ekperigin:

He was popularly called the father of physical education in Nigeria. He was born Ugori in Warri Local Government area of Delta State. He attended the following schools; Government College Ibadan, Loughbrough Training College in England.


(i) He was the first professionally trained physical and health educationist in Nigeria and from Loughbrough, the training he undergone opened ground for some notable people such as Prof. M.O. ajisafe, Isaac Akioye.

(ii) He helped to establish both grade II and grade III teachers college

(iii) He was a significant figure among the officials that led Nigeria continent to the first outing of the commonwealth games at Cardiff, Wales in 1958.

(iv) He helped to form the Nigeria Association of Physical and Health Education & Recreation (NAPHER)

  1. Isaac Okioye:

He was also trained at the famous Loughbrough Training College. He was member of the Nigeria football team in 1949. When he returned from Britain to Nigeria, he joined the Western Region Ministry of Education and took over from H.J Ekperigin.


(i) He was the first professor to be appointed Director of sports at the National Sport Commission.

(ii) During his tenure, the Nigeria Polytechnic Games Association (NIPOGA), the Nigeria Colleges of Education Game Association (NICEGA) and the Nigeria m School Sports Federation (NSSF) were founded.

(iii) He abolished the playing of Netball in preference to Basket ball in Nigerian Schools

(iv) He was the Secretary General and later President of Nigerian Association for Physical Health Education and Recreation (NAPHER)

  1. Prof. M.O. Ajisafe:

Professor M.O. Ajisafe one of the pioneers of Physical education in Nigeria is a professor of curriculum and instructions in physical education. His contributions towards the development of physical education in Nigeria are noteworthy.


(i) In 1969, he with others successfully canvassed for the adoption of a syllabus that will reflect the geo-cultural background of Nigeria to replace the 1933 syllabus imported to the country by the British government. This gave birth to the current 6-3-3-4 system of education in Nigeria

(ii) In July 1974, he was the secretary to the group that was called by the federal government to formulate the physical education syllabus of the Universal Basic Education (UPE)

(iii) He published a book on Teaching Physical and Health Education which contained the outcome of his federal government sponsored research into indigenous activities suitable for the physical education programme of Nigerian primary schools.

  1. Falilat Adekoya:

She was born on 12th May, 1968. She is a Nigerian athlete, Ogunkoya has won a number of national championships, including a gold medal in 1996 in the 400 metres, gold in 200 metres and 400 metres in 1998 and gold again in 1999 and 2001 in the 400m. At the 1996 summer Olympics she won a bronze medal in the 400m in a personal best and African record of 49.10, which is currently the twelfth fastest of all time.

  1. Mary Onyali-Omagbemi

She was born on 2nd February, 1968. She is a Nigerian sprinter who won the bronze medal in 4 × 100 metres relay at the 1992 summer Olympics and in 200 metres at the 1996 summer Olympics. She also won the 1994 commonwealth games.

  1. Patrick Olusegun Odegbami

He was born on 27th August, 1952 in Lagos. He won 46 caps and scored 23 goals for the country, and guided Nigeria to its first African Nations title at the 1980 African Nation Cup.

  1. Teslim ‘Thunder’ Balogun

The first Nigerian to play professional football in England at Peterborough United, Holbeach United and Queens Park Rangers and also the first Nigerian coach to lead the national team to the Olympic games at Mexico in 1968.




The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise





  1. List four (4) qualities of Physical and Health Education specialists
  2. Mention four (4) functions of a specialist in Physical Health
  3. Enumerate five (5) Nigerian Heroes in sport.





The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out short notes to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.