Origin of Taekwondo












Previous lesson: 

The pupils have previous knowledge of


that was taught as a topic in the previous lesson


Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the learners will be able to

  • say the Definition of Contact Games
  • give examples of Officials in Taekwondo
  • Explain the Rules and Regulations of Taekwondo
  • point out the importance of Taekwondo


Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards



Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks




Definition of Contact Games

Contact games are sports that emphasize or require physical contact between players. Examples are martial arts, rugby and football which requires tackling.

Basic Techniques in Taekwondo

(i) Rising kick to head with leg fully extended

(ii) Heel kick (kakato geri)

(iii) Back kick(Uchiro geri)

(iv) Round house knee kick (Mawashi hiza geri)

(v) Front kick (mae geri)

(vi) Law front kick (kingeri)

(vii) Knee kick (hiza geri)

(viii) Side kick (Yoko kiage)

Origin of Taekwondo

Taekwondo is a Korean National sport. Taekwondo is founded by Koreans in the 20th Century.

Taek means to kick or to destroy with foot; kwon means to punch with the fist and do means way or art. It was exposed to Japanese between 1910 and 1945.

History of Taekwondo in Nigeria

Taekwondo was introduced into Nigeria by the Ivorian Master Aikpa Aime in 1975 and was embraced by many people, two associations later evolved in Nigeria – the NNTA and the UNTA.

In 1983 the federal government requested the Korean government to send two Korean experts Mr. Moo Cheun Kim and Mr. Jhoo Rae Pak (both of the WTF) to instruct the Nigeria Army. In 1986, Taekwondo Association of Nigeria (TAN) was formed.

Importance of Taekwondo

(i) It develops an appreciation for taekwondo as a sports and an art.

(ii) It achieves physical fitness through positive participation.

(iii) It improves mental discipline and emotional equanimity.

(iv) It helps to learn self defence skills.

(v) It develops a sense of responsibility for one self and others.

Rules and Regulations of Taekwondo

(i) A player should not fight on the street.

(ii) A beginner should always use what he was taught during the practice and combat.

(iii) Player should feel better before going into fighting.

(iv) He must follow or obey referee instructions.

(v) He must not abuse the referee.

(vi) He must not complain during the fight.

(vii) He should always look in the eyes of the opponent before and during the combat and especially when greeting at the beginning of the combat.
(viii) A player must knot his belt very well.

Officials in Taekwondo

THE REFEREE: He has the final say. He starts and stops the game. He penalizes and awards points.

THE JUDGES: They assist the referee in the match.

THE RECORDER: They keep the records of the events.



  1. Define contact and non-contact games.
  2. List five (5) basic techniques in taekwondo.
  3. Briefly trace the origin of taekwondo in Nigeria.
  4. State five (5) importance of taekwondo.
  5. Highlight five (5) rules and regulations of taekwondo.
  6. List three officials in taekwondo and their function


Definition of Boxing

Boxing is also called the manly art of self defence. It is a sport in which two competitors or contestants try to hit each other with their glove encased fist while trying to avoid each other’s blows.

The competition is divided into a specified number of rounds usually three (3) minutes long with one minute rest period between rounds, although amateur boxing is widespread.

History of Boxing

Boxing is as old as man. It began when a person first lifted a fist against another in play. Fist fighting was first played in the Olympic Games in about 688 B.C.

Early boxers fought with leather bands around their fist for protection and sometimes wore metal filled leather hand covering called Cesti.

Boxing became a workman sports as prize fight attracted participants and spectators from the working class.

Modern boxing started in 1866 when Marques of Queen Berry gave new set of rules of three (3) minutes rounds with one (1) minute rest in-between.

Skills and Techniques in Boxing

(i) The stance

(ii) Foot work

(iii) Guarding

(iv) Uppercut

(v) Undercut

(vi) Straight knuckle

(vii) Dodging

(viii) Blocking

(ix) Jabbing

(x) Ducking

Rules and Regulations of Boxing

(i) No boxer is allowed to be with dangerous objects.

(ii) There should be no hitting below the belt.

(iii) There should be no slapping with the palm.

(iv) Dragging or pushing of an opponent is not allowed.

(v) Kicking in boxing is not allowed.

(vi) The referee command should be strictly obeyed.

(vii) Each boxer must greet the trainer of his opponent after the bout.

(viii) A boxer shall only be allowed to engaged an opponent within the same weight category.

(ix) The head butt is not allowed in boxing.

(x) Every amateur boxer should wear a head protector.



  1. Give a brief history of boxing.
  2. Mention five skills in boxing.
  3. State five rules and regulations of boxing.







The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise





  1. List four (4) qualities of Physical and Health Education specialists
  2. Mention four (4) functions of a specialist in Physical Health
  3. Enumerate five (5) Nigerian Heroes in sport.





The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out short notes to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.