The Game Of Hockey Physical and Health Education

Physical and Health Education (PHE),

Second Term,

 Primary 6







  • The history of hockey in Nigeria.
  • facilities and equipment of  hockey
  • drawing and Labelling of  hockey board with dimensions


At the end of this discussion in this unit, students should be able to know about:

  • Narrate the history of hockey in Nigeria.
  • Identify the facilities and equipment of  hockey
  • Draw and Label the  hockey board with the right dimensions


  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos


  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum.
  • Universal Basic Education  Curriculum (UBE)
  • Physical and Health Education for Primary Schools.


The students are familiar with Basketball.





Hockey is a game that is played on an open field; two opposing teams use curved sticks try to drive a ball into the opponents’ net (field Hockey).  it is also A game played on an ice rink by two opposing teams of six skaters each who try to knock a flat round puck into the opponents’ goal with angled sticks(Ice Hockey)

We have Field Hockey and ice Hockey







Hockey started far back 4000 years in Egypt, India. The first hockey club in the world was the Black heath hockey club in 1862 before the formation of hockey association in 1886. Since then, hockey game have prospered and developed in both men’s and women’s game.

Modern hockey started from Great Britain. It became an Olympic sport for men in 1908 and for women in 1980. Hockey sport was introduced to Nigeria by the British administrators and Christian missionaries during the colonial rule. The game of Hockey was first played in Lagos in 1928.  The governing body of Field Hockey in Nigeria is called The Nigeria Hockey Federation (NHF)


  • Rectangular hockey pitch with length of 91.40 cm and a width of 55m.
  • Two goal post
  • Hard ball (hockey ball)
  • Hockey stick
  • Hockey shoes
  • Hockey socks
  • Knee pads
  • Shoulder pads
  • Throat protector
  • Elbow pads
  • Protective cup
  • Hockey player helmets



Field Hockey vs. Ice Hockey: What’s

the difference?


Ice hockey vs. field hockey: what are the differences? Ice hockey and field hockey both have the same goal to get more goals than your opponents. However, there are key differences in: number of players used, what makes a penalty or foul, structure of the game, stickhandling, size & surface of the playing area, and scoring.

With a simple eye test, we can see that there are similarities between the two games. Both of the hockey games involve hitting something with a stick — a ball in field, and puck in ice — and each team is trying to achieve the same objective: to score more goals than their opponent. However, to reach this goal (so-to-speak), a lot of different things happen in each sport.

Here are the 10 differences you will need to know in ice vs. field hockey:

#1: Playing surface

The most obvious difference between the two is that one plays on a field and the other plays on ice.

The interesting part about this is that both desire a really fast moving surface.

In ice hockey, players can often complain about bad ice because it makes the puck bouncy or harder to move because of snow build up. Whereas in field hockey, the players prefer a water-based astro turf because the ball can really move quickly versus an astro turf that uses the black pebbles which slow down the movement of the ball

#2: Number of players

Ice hockey: A team will put out 6 players: 1 goalie, 2 defensemen and 3 forwards.

Field hockey: a team will put out 11 players: 1 goalie, 3 forwards, 4 midfields and 3 defenders.

(Note: there are variations on this for field hockey, but this would be a typical formation — whereas in ice hockey the formation is constant unless a penalty has been called)

#3: Structure of the game

Ice hockey: A game is 60 minutes divided into 3 periods of 20 minutes each. The reason ice hockey does not have two halves is due to the maintenance of the ice. To maintain the quality of the ice surface, it needs to be treated at least twice during the game — once at a halftime is not enough.

Field hockey: A game is usually a 70 minute game that is divided into two 35 minute halves or sometimes it is structured as a 60 minute game that is divided into four quarters of 15 minutes each, with a halftime.

#4: Scoring

A big difference between the two games is where the player is allowed to score from.

Ice Hockey: A player can score from anywhere on the ice. It does not matter where the puck was shot, if it goes in it counts.

Field hockey: A player is only allowed to score if the ball is shot from within the D area. The D area is the semi-circle that is approximately 15 M out at the high point from the goal. If a puck is shot from outside of this area, the goal will not count.

#5: Offsides

Ice hockey: There are two large blue lines that help determine if a player is ‘offside’. It is determined that a player has gone offside if he crosses the blue line before the puck crosses it. This rule is used to help take away some of the advantage for the forwards and was first introduced to encourage passing. If a player goes offside, either the whistle will blow and a faceoff will take place, or the offensive players must stop pursuing the puck and allow the defensive team to gain possession.

Field hockey: There are no offsides. The player is allowed to run around anywhere on the pitch at anytime. This rule does go well with the D scoring area, which has already limited scoring.

#6: Stick handling

Ice hockey: The player is allowed to stickhandle with the front and back of their stick blade.

Field hockey: The stick is composed of two parts: the front flat side of the stick and the rounded backside. A field hockey player is only allowed to touch the ball with the flat side.

The field hockey player still stick handles the ball, but the technique is different requiring a turning over of the stick blade with the hands so the frontside of the stick will touch it on both ends, whereas in ice hockey it is much more of a back and forth motion with steady hands.

Using the rounded side of the paddle in field hockey results in loss of possession of the ball

#7: Goalies

In both sports, the goalies have to face extremely hard shots coming at blistering speeds.

Ice hockey: Goalies will often face a higher volume of shots per game, and roughly stop (on average ) 91.5% of them.

An ice hockey goalie’s padding is larger, there is a smaller net to cover, and the goalie has a larger stick with a distinct paddle at the bottom that aids in stopping pucks.

Field hockey: There will be less attempts to score, partly due to the scoring area being smaller, but on average a save percentage will be about 70%.

Field hockey padding is slightly smaller, they have a larger net to cover and the goalie uses the same type of stick as the players who are out.



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