Identification of familiar sounds in words

Identification of familiar sounds in words


Subject :  Phonological Awareness / Phonics /Diction


Class: Basic 1 / Primary 1 / Year 1


Term: First   Term


Week: Week 8



Identification of familiar sounds in words



Previous Knowledge: The pupils have previous knowledge of


Blending Sounds OF Letters to form Words


that was taught in their previous lesson.



Behavioural  Objectives : At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to

  • identify similar words in sentences
  • pronounce similar or rhyming words
  • read simple sentences by blending familiar sounds in words of sentences


Instructional Materials 

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Online Resource
  • Textbooks
  • Laptop
  • Jolly Phonics Materials
  • Sound system
  • Bluetooth Peaker


Methods of Teaching 

  • Role modelling
  • Questions and Answers
  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Recitation
  • Imitation
  • Story Telling
  • Dramatization



Blending sounds of letters to form words


/v/ – an to form van

/c/ -an to form can

/c/ – at to form cat

/r/ -at to form rat

/g/ -ap to form gap

/c/ – od to form cod

/c/-ut to form cut

/b/ -ut to form but

/p/-ig to form pig

/b/ -ig to form big


Rhyming or similar familiar sounds 

These are examples or words that look alike or similar that rhyme together and yet different in meaning

  1. MOUSE = house, louse, blouse,
  2. PAT = rat, mat. fat, sat, cat,
  3. CAP = map, lap, rap. tap,
  4. BAG = rag, wag, sag, tag,
  5. BAD= lad, mad, had, pad,
  6. HAND = band, land, sand,
  7. DEN = ten, Ben, pen, men,
  8. RED = fed, led, wed, bed. Ted,
  9. SET = net, wet, get, let, met
  10. LEG= beg, egg, keg, peg,




More examples in sentences 

  1. We found the mouse in the house .
  2. Pat killed the rat 
  3. The cap was not included in the map
  4. The tag in the bag was already lost when we bought it
  5. The mad man was in bad shape
  6. The rubber band was on his left hand 
  7. Ben saw the lion in its den
  8. Ted cannot find the red flag
  9. Let get this party started
  10. His leg was inside the keg






Presentation : 

The topic is presented step by step

Step 1 : The class teacher revises the old topic

Step 2 : The class teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3 : The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own contributions and gives room for pupils” participation


Class Teacher and Pupils Activities. Interaction or Participation 

This involves class teacher and pupils’ interaction, conversation, imitation or modeling through discussion, play method or just by recitation or asking and answering questions that are related to the topic that has just been taught

  • Class teacher makes pupils to recite the letters of the alphabets
  • The class teacher makes the young learners to read the rhyming words




Fill the gaps with the suitable rhyming words

  1. I can run in the _______
  2. Make hay during the sunny ______
  3. The ball is on the _______
  4. I see the _______
  5. The men have lost their ____


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Blending Sounds OF Letters to form Words


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