Concepts of Day and Night




Subject : Basic Science and Technology First Term KG 1




Topic :

Concepts of Day and Night


Class :

Kindergarten 1 KG 1


Term :

1st Term / First Term


Week :

Week 8


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall chart
  • Pictures
  • Video relating to topic of discussion


Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of

The planet earth

during their previous lessons


Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say what causes day and night
  • explain why the sun shines in the morning and the moon in the night



Content :


Wonder and imagination are the foundations of both arts and sciences.

This lesson will help the young kids to know big things about the Earth and it will open up opportunities for gaining deeper scientific knowledge.


The world is like a ball. We call the top half the Northern hemisphere and the bottom half, the southern hemisphere. The imaginary line in between them is called the equator.

The earth is always spinning around. When the sun is facing the earth, we have day, when the sun is backing the earth, we have night.

We have day and night because the earth spins or rotates on an imaginary line called axis and different parts of the planets are facing towards the sun or away from it.

The sun does not move, but the Earth is always moving round the sun. Any part of the earth that faces the sun, that place experiences day— that is all the countries on that



part of the Earth will have Day while the countries on the part of the Earth that is backing the sun will have Night because, at that point, they are not getting sunlight.



  • PROMPTING QUESTION: what causes day and Night:


  • RESPONSE: We have day and night because

The earth moves round the sun once every day.




This activity is to demonstrate how the Earth moves round the sun and how day and night comes about.

  1. Ask one child to hold a big yellow ball to act as the sun
  2. Have the other to hold a globe or even a green ball to represent

(Remind them that the sun does not move but the Earth move around the sun)

  1. Have the child with the yellow ball stand in the middle of the room
  2. Have the child with the globe or green ball cycle around the yellow
  3. As the child is cycling, indicate when the child faces the sun and when she/he faces away from the sun.





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Meaning of habitat

What animals need to survive in their habitats




Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.