GENERAL METHODS OF PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF FARM ANIMALS’ DISEASES

 

 

Subject : Agricultural Science

 

Term : Second Term

 

Class : JSS 2

 

Week 5

 

Topic :

GENERAL METHODS OF PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF FARM ANIMALS’ DISEASES

 

GENERAL METHODS OF PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF FARM ANIMALS’ DISEASES

CONTENT

  1. General Effects of Diseases of Farm Animals
  2. General Methods of Prevention and Control of Farm Animals’ Diseases

 

General Effects of Diseases of Farm Animals

The following are the effects of diseases on farm animals:

  1. Reduced productivity
  2. Loss of appetite
  3. Loss of weight
  4. Death of animals
  5. Loss of body condition called emaciation
  6. Coughing and vomiting
  7. Reduction of economic value of the animals
  8. Reduction in nutritive value
  9. Retarded growth
  10. Diarrhea
  11. Transmission of disease to human beings.
  12. Increases cost of production
  13. Endangering human health e.g. zoonotic disease

EVALUATION

  1. Write five effects of diseases in farm animals.

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General Methods of Prevention and Control of Farm Animals’ Diseases

Farm animals’ diseases can be generally prevented and controlled by the following methods:

  1. Good sanitation practices
  2. Isolation of sick animals
  3. Disposal of waste materials
  4. Immunization/vaccination of animals
  5. Remove or kill and burn/bury animals that are infected with disease
  6. Disinfection of livestock buildings and equipment.
  7. Burning of contaminated feed and other materials
  8. Avoid contamination of pasture with faeces of infected animal.
  9. Quarantine
  10. Use resistance breeds
  11. Seek the advice of veterinary doctors.
  12. Give animals’ balanced diet.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Give any five ways of preventing and controlling animals’ diseases.

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