The Igbo Ukwu culture and history

Class :

JSS 1 / Basic 7


Subject :


Topic :

The Igbo Ukwu culture and history



Location of Igbo Ukwu on the map of Nigeria


Term :

Second term


Week :

Week 10


Instructional Materials :


Reference Book(s)

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

Behavioural Objectives :  By the end of the lesson or during the course of learning , the learners will be able to

  • explain the features of Benin   Culture and tradition

Entry Behaviour

  • Learners are familiar with carved objects , images and statues

Content :


The people of Igbo-ukwu are one of the igbo-speaking people in the south east geopolitical zone of Nigeria,They are specifically found in Anambra state of Nigeria.

Igbo ukwu used to be part of Uri kingdom which existed in the 10th century.

The town is known for popular archaeological sites where for the first time sophisticated and precious bronze works were discovered.


The history behind the discovery of igbo-ukwu culture can be traced to the excavation carried out by professor THURSAN SHAWN in 1960 and 1964.

The discoveries in igbo ukwu signifies things that showed the traditional burial sites of their rulers,i.e burial chambers,further more,the discovery of igbo-ukwu culture which was achieved in 1938,led to the process of digging of small area in one of the seven quarters in igbo-ukwu higly decorated bronze objects.

These sites were named after the compound where they were found,each sites had its peculiar discoveries ,they are the following;

Igbo-Isaiah; In ISAIAH ANOZIE compound a shrine was discovered ,the major artifacts in the shrine were a rope pot,an altar stand,beaded chains and crotals,a bowl on stand etc

Igbo-Richard ;. In the compound of RICHARD ANOZIE,the tomb [ burial chamber] of a priest king was discovered,The followimg were also found with this corpse,cooper anklets and strings of beads,breastplate,beaded head dress,bronze crown,bronze leopard skull,etc

Igbo-Jonah; in the compound of JONAH ANOZIE,a refuse dump where most decorated pot that was ever made by any potter before discovered.


Igbo ukwu ancestors according to history were smithers of copper and its alloys,They were among the west African people that used lost wax casting method for bronze sculpture production

besides,like their other igbos they were great farmers known for the production of mostly food crops like cassava,yam,cocoyam,etc.Thye were popular for tapping and sale of palm wine,


[1] They showed beyong any doubt that the people of Nigeria had their own form of technology,i.e civilization,e.g the use of metals to produce tools and implements for various uses

[2] They also showed that the people of Nigeria before the arrival of Europeans enjoyed various degrees of development,e;g settled life

[3]The discoveries of various objects such as brass and bronze helped to promote the culture of the people of Nigerian to the outside world E.g, FESTAC symbols that was stolen by british soldiers when they invaded Benin in 1897


[1] Locate igbo ukwu on Niegeria map

[2] mention the three major archaeological sites in igbo-ukwu

[3] state any two significance of igbo-ukwu culture to Nigerian history










The topic is presented step by step

And if it’s a new topic, introduce it by linking it to a related topics previously learnt or familiar with the learners.

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous lesson


Step 2.

He or she  introduces the new lesson


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :



[1] Where is Benin [Edo] on Nigeria map?

[2] who were the EDO people

[3] mention two Benin artifacts.

[4] what were the occupation of Benin people in the pre-colonial era


Conclusion :

The teacher wraps up the lesson by giving out  a short summary of the lesson as a chalkboard note . He or she goes round to mark and he or she does the necessary corrections




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