Historical sites in Nigeria

Class :

JSS 1 / Basic 7


Subject :


Topic :

The Edo (Benin) culture and history



Significance of Edo (Benin) culture in Nigerian History


Term :

Second term


Week :

Week 8 & 9


Instructional Materials :


Reference Book(s)

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

Behavioural Objectives :  By the end of the lesson or during the course of learning , the learners will be able to

  • explain the features of Benin   Culture and tradition

Entry Behaviour

  • Learners are familiar with carved objects , images and statues

Content :



The people of benin who are also called Edo or bini are found in Edo state of Nigeria. They speak Edo language among many other languages ,they are known for beads,body marks,bangles,ankle as part of their dressing.The culture of benin people depicts their true cultural activities and traditions,for examples,they give recognition and regard to the institution of ruler-ship as in the case of ife and their brass objects.

Artifacts; Benin culture and tradition have links with the use of brass objects to express their ingenuity in the works of art,for example,brass objects from benin depicted palace activities .,it also showed benin relationship with Europeans particularly revealed how benin people came in contact with European.

by 1959,one frank willet who worked on site in benin discovered large quantity of POTTERY WORKS.

Also between 1961 and 1964,the activities of Graham  Connah led to excavation of various artifacts in form of iron smiting for the production of bracelets,glass beads,smoking pipes,etc

occupational activities; Benin people are well known in the use of brass metals to produce objects which portray religious activities and obaship institutions as earlier mentioned,apart from their engagement in the works of art,benin people are also known for the production and sale of both cash and food crops such as rubber,oil palm,yam,cassava.

This signifies that Benin people had contact with the various people of Nigeria.


[1]Benin people are known for the production and use of brass and bronze metal

[2]Benin figurines usually have protruding eye balls

[3] The head of the figurines are usually bigger than other parts

[4] Benin arts are highly decorative

[5]Most of the arts portray royal figures


[1] Benin culture has revealed that some degree of specialization were achieved in the production of brass metals

[2] The discoveries in Benin also showed that the people had contacts with the Europeans and the introduction of Christianity

[3]Ivory mask of Queen idia was used as symbol of festac77







The topic is presented step by step

And if it’s a new topic, introduce it by linking it to a related topics previously learnt or familiar with the learners.

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous lesson


Step 2.

He or she  introduces the new lesson


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :



[1] Where is Benin [Edo] on Nigeria map?

[2] who were the EDO people

[3] mention two Benin artifacts.

[4] what were the occupation of Benin people in the pre-colonial era


Conclusion :

The teacher wraps up the lesson by giving out  a short summary of the lesson as a chalkboard note . He or she goes round to mark and he or she does the necessary corrections




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