Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
Class: Basic 4
Duration: 40 minutes
Topic: A. Speech Work: Oral composition B. Structure: Linking words: “Although” “Because” “But” C. Reading: Teaching of new words meaning and Comprehension D. Grammar: Letter expressing gratitude for gifts, Visits and other favors received E. Writing: Indicating direction F. Dictation: Selected words from the passage read
A conjunction is a linking word. It joins words, phrases, or sentences together.
Use ‘and’ to link similar things.
Example: Zainab bought a pen. She bought a pencil. Zainab bought a pen and a pencil.
Use ‘but’ to link different things.
Example: Zainab ate some cake. She didn’t eat any ice-cream. Zainab ate some cake but she didn’t eat any ice-cream. Use ‘because’ to explain why something happened.
Example: Zainab chose the cake. She doesn’t like ice-cream. Zainab chose the cake
because she doesn’t like ice-cream.
Here are some common conjunctions.
and because nor so unless or although
if either as but both even neither
since until when after even though
Use ‘because’ or ‘so’ to say something was caused by a past event or situation. They indicate the same meaning, but with ‘because’, the result comes before the cause, while with ‘so’ the cause comes before the result:
Examples: Afam cannot read his book because he has lost his glasses. Afam has lost his glasses, so he cannot read his book.
Think of a suitable conjunction to complete the following sentences. The first one has been done for you.
1 The house collapsed because a bad builder built it.
2 I enjoyed the meal very much ____________ I was very hungry.
3 My mother told us to either go to the shop ____________ stay at home.
4 I shall travel next year ____________ I have enough money.
5 I was sleeping ____________ my father arrived.
6 He stayed in our house ____________ it was dark.
Speech Work: Oral composition
The day I met Federal Road Safety Corps officials on the road
Use the words in the box to correctly fill in the gaps in the composition.
Note: The FRSC is the organisation that is in charge of keeping roads safe in Nigeria.
fire-extinguisher C-caution sign driver’s licence plate FRSC officials
offenders points penalties T-junction drive streets
My father and I went out early on a Monday morning. After a ten-minute (1) __________
along many (2) __________, we got to a (3)__________ where the road split into two. There we met many (4)__________, who stood at different (5)__________ on the road. They flagged us down. My father stopped. Then they asked him to show his (6)__________, which allowed him to drive on public roads. My father quickly brought it out. Next they asked him to get out the (7)__________, used for stopping a burning fire. Then they asked for the (8)__________, which is red a triangular-shape object used as a danger sign on the road in case a car breaks down. They checked if the (9)__________ number was properly fixed. Then they allowed us to go. Before we drove off, I saw many road traffic (10)__________, who had been held for one road offence or another while (11)__________ or punishments were imposed on them.
Masculine Gender Feminine Gender
15.) Actor ____________________________________________
16.) Bachelor ____________________________________________
17.) Giant ____________________________________________
18.) Father-in-law ____________________________________________
19.) Landlord ____________________________________________
20.) Monk ____________________________________________
21.) Thief __________________________________________
22.) Baby __________________________________________
23.) Monkey __________________________________________
24.) City __________________________________________
25.) Foot __________________________________________
Write a composition on “How I spent my last holiday”
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