Marriage Practices in Nigeria

Subject : Social Studies


Topic :

Marriage Practices in Nigeria


Class :

Primary  3/ Basic 3


Term :

1st Term / First Term


Week :

Week 6


Instructional Materials :

  • Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • Textbooks On Social Studies
  • Online Materials
  • Picture Charts



Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught

Marriage : Forms and Types of marriage

in their previous lesson


Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • explain forms of marriage 
  • mention types of marriage
  • Explain how marriage is contracted
  • State four objects used in marriage ceremony
  • Explain marriage practices




Marriage practices are different among ethnic group, but for a couple to get married;

  1. two individuals must agree together to marry each other.
  2. Then, they must involve their families. This means that the two families must agree to the proposed marriage.
  3. the family and the couple will set a date for the marriage ceremony
  4. the man to marry will pay bride price, which is in form of money to the bride family

Objects used in contracting marriage

Different forms or customs of marriage use different objects. The objects used according to each custom are as follow:

Traditional marriage

The objects used are according to each ethnic group.

Yoruba: the Yoruba communities use the following objects; Yams, Bitter kola, Palm wine, kolanuts, salt, money, alligator pepper, sugarcane, schnapps, honey and soft drinks.


Hausa/Fulani: Hausa/Fulani traditional marriage is based mostly on Islamic doctrine, starting from the introduction to the wedding ceremony, but not all Hausa/Fulani are muslims. Some of the items used are: kolanuts, cloths, jewellery, salt, shoes, money.

  1. Christian or church marriage: Holy Bible, Rings, Suit for the groom, gown for the bride.
  2. Islamic marriage: Qur’an, praying mat, and kettle.
  3. Court marriage/marriage by ordinance: This does not require any special item. However, holy books may be used for the oath of marriage according to the couple’s religion. The Christians may use the Holy Bible while the Muslims use the Holy Qur’an .Also some forms are filled and a certificate is given to the couple.


The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :

  • Write two objects used in Islamic marriage
  • State two marriage practice in Nigeria


Conclusion :

The class teacher gives out ó brief note that is based on the topic that has just been taught.


Assignment :


Form of marriage

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