Changes in plants Changes in plants e.g Leaf fall Flower and fruits

Subject :

Basic science and Technology

Topic :

Changes in plants
-Changes in plants e.g Leaf fall
Flower and fruits

Class :

Primary 4

Term :

First Term

Week :

Week 2

Instructional Materials :

• Water
• Soil
• Jar
• A growing plant
• Whiteboard/Chalkboard
• Explanatory posters/pictures
• Explanatory videos


Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of  Changes in nature Types of changes
Temporary (reversible)
Permanent (irreversible)



Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Narrate how simple plant grow
  • Explain how seeds turn to young seedling
  • Say that the upper part of the plant that is above the soil is the shoot
  • Be aware that the lower part of the growing plant that is in the soil is called the root



Content :


Plants are also living things, they experience changes too as they grow. Most changes in plants are permanent changes.

Using Maize as an Example.
When a maize seed is planted into the soil, after some time, we experience change as the seed begins to grow, it changes from seed to seedlings. We experience increase in growths and the leaves keep broaden itself and greenish in colour, this is another change, after some time it will start producing fruits and the leaves of the corn turns yellow and brown before it is harvested by the farmer. These are different changes in plant.
Examples of Changes in Plants
1. The seeds turn into seedlings when growing.
2. Increase in height.
3. Broaden leaves.
4. Changes from flowers to fruits.
5. Increase in fruit sizes.
6. Change from immature (unripe fruits) fruits to matured fruits (ripe fruits).
7. Green leave turn yellow.
8. Yellow leaves turning brown.
9. Leaves falls.



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :

  1. The upper part of the growing seed that is above the soil surface is called the………


  1. The lower part of the plant that is deep down the soil is called the……..


  1. Seed changes into….. when they are fully grown


  1. Why do green leaves turn yellow


Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.


Assignment :

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about

Changes in Animals Change in animals
Names of the young ones of animals
Life cycle of insects
Other developmental or growth changes


(Visited 344 times, 1 visits today)

error: Content is protected !!