FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTS OF THE SEWING MACHINE Home Economics Primary 6

Subject :

Home Economics Primary 6

Topic :

FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTS OF THE SEWING MACHINE

Class :

Primary  6 / Basic 6

 

Term :

Third Term

 

Week :

Week 2

 

Instructional Materials :

  • Sewing machine
  • Chart with picture of sewing machine parts drawn and well labelled

 

 

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of types of sewing machine in their previous lesson

 

 

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Mention parts of the Sewing machine
  • Say the use the of the parts of sewing machine that have been mentioned
  • Draw and label some parts of the sewing machine

 

 

Content

Class : Primary 6

Subject : Home Economics

Topic : FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTS OF THE SEWING MACHINE

1. Spool pin
The main function of spool pin is to hold the spool of thread.

2. Bobbin binder spindle
During winding, bobbin is placed here.

3. Bobbin winder stopper
When bobbin reaches its optimum capacity then bobbin winder stopper stops the bobbin winding.

4. Stitch width dial
The main object of stitch width dial is to control the zigzag stitch.

5. Pattern selector dial
Pattern selector dial is to set the symbol of the desired stitch pattern
.
6. Hand wheel
Hand wheel is used to raise and lower the need, which is situated in the right side of the machine.

7. Stitch length dial
Stitch length dial is used to control the length of the stitch.

8. Reverse stitch lever
The machine will sew in the reverse while the lever is pushed.

9. Power switch
Power switch means the off-on office of the sewing machine. Normally power switch is located at the right side of the machine.

10. Bobbin winder thread guide
These types of thread guide are used during bobbin winding.

11. Thread tension dial
Thread tension dial is used to control the tension on the top thread.

12. Thread take-up lever
During sewing the top thread passes through the thread take-up lever. Thread take-up lever moves up and down with the needle.

13. Needle clamp screw
Needle clamp screw holds the needle in its actual place.

14. Presser foot
Presser foot holds the fabric in its definite place.

15. Bobbin cover
During sewing bobbin cover protects and covers the bobbin holder.

16. Bobbin cover release button
This type of button is used to release the cover for entrance to the bobbin.

17. Feed dog
During sewing, feed dog pulls the fabric in forward.

18. Needle
Needle is used to form a stitch in the garments.

19. Needle plate
Needle plate is a metal plate which is situated under the needle and presser foot. It helps to move the fabric forward during sewing.

 

 

Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

Evaluation :

Some questions are give out to measure and evaluate the pupils

 

Evaluation

Mention any four parts of a sewing machine and state the functions of the parts that you have mention

1……………………………….

2………………………………..

3………………………………..

4………………………………

 

Conclusion :

 

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written. He or she does the necessary corrections when the need arises.

 

Assignment :

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about various measuring tools that are used by  tailors, seamstresses or fashion designers

 

 

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