Illness In Chicken
Basic 6 / Primary 6
Instructional Materials :
Live chicken, picture of chicken
Previous Knowledge :
Pupils have been taught different types of chicken in their previous lessons
Behavioural Objectives : At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- Sign of Chicken ill Health
- General Control Measures
- Medication or steps to prevent the spread
- Online Resource Materials
- Various Textbooks on Agricultural Science Book 6
- Lagos State Upper Primary Scheme of Work For Primary 6
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
A disease is an abnormality in the normal function of day to day activités of livestock.
Diseases can spread quickly among chickens like any other farm animals because they are usually kept together in a cage, sharing the samessource of food and water.
This makes it easy for disease to spread from the sick and infect the healthy chickens.
SIGNS OF ILL – HEALTH IN CHICKEN
These are the signs of common diseases and illness in chicken or poultry birds :
- Roughened feathers,
Discharge of liquid substance from the nostril
- Loss of appetite
Loss of weight
Low egg production
No egg production
Chicken huddle together and drop as if the birds are feeling cold
Chickens standing with their eyes closed,
Presence of scores on wattles and combs.
Reduced feed intake
Reduced water intake
GENERAL DISEASE CONTROL PRACTICES
The following can only be used as guidelines for disease control, for proper disease diagnosis and treatment, consult the veterinarian.
- Don’t overcrowd brooders
Feed must be of good quality
Give clean water ad-lib
Don’t mix young and older birds
Clean poultry house
Dispose of dead birds quickly and isolate sick ones
Provide disinfectant at entrance to house
Antibiotics should never be used to replace good management and should be used on prescription by a veterinarian.
The topic is presented step by step
Step 1: The class teacher revises the previous topics
Step 2. He introduces the new topic
Step 3: The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
Mention five illness or disease of chicken
He gives a brief note and he goes round to mark
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