Class: Basic 5
Subject: Verbal Reasoning
Topic: Prefixes and Suffixes
A.) A prefix is a letter or group of letters placed in front of another word to change it meaning.
Examples of common prefixes are: a-, ab-, ante-, anti-, ex-, mal-, pre-, bi-, con-, sub-, di-, uni-, etc.
ab + normal = abnormal
ex + hale = exhale
tri + angle = triangle
ante + natal = ante-natal
re + produce = reproduce
IL + legal = illegal
Dis + appear = disappear
Mis + fortune = Misfortune
A suffix is a letter or group of letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning. When a sufgix is added, it can change the word from one part of speech to another.
I. Some suffixes make the new words become adjectives. E.g. – ary, – ery, -en, – ish, – less, – ous
For example: dangerous, useless,
II. Those which make the words turn into verbs include: – ing, – ed, – en, – ure, -ize. Examples are nationalize, lighten, directed, etc.
III. Suffixes which turn words into nouns include: -or, – ar, – er, – ship, – hood, – ment, – tion. Examples are punishment, friendship, childhood, etc.
Do the following exercise:
1.) Complete the following by adding the correct prefixes: ( dis, ex, il, mis, im, un, ir, fore, de, in)
2.) Complete the following by supplying suitable suffixes using these:- ( ful, ness, able, less, ment, ant, al,)
a.) accident = ________________________
b.) judge = ________________________
c.) defend = ________________________
d.) refuse = ________________________
e.) hope = ________________________
f.) use = ________________________