FORMATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND ASSOCIATIONS IN WEST AFRICA

SUBJECT:

HISTORY

CLASS:

SS 3

TERM:

SECOND TERM

WEEK:

WEEK 5

TOPIC:

FORMATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND ASSOCIATIONS IN WEST AFRICA

PREVIOUS LESSON:

 

COLONIAL POLICIES AND AFRICAN DISCONTENT

 

OBJECTIVES

Objectives:

  • To understand the reasons for the formation of political parties and associations in West Africa during the colonial period
  • To identify key political parties and associations that emerged during this period
  • To understand the methods used by these parties and associations to advocate for independence and self-rule
  • To discuss the impact of these parties and associations on the struggle for independence in West Africa

Materials:

  • PowerPoint presentation
  • Handouts with key terms and definitions
  • Images and primary source documents related to the topic
  • Group discussion prompts and activities

 

 

CONTENT

Formation of Political Parties and Associations in West Africa

During the colonial period, many West African countries were under the control of European powers. The Europeans had their own way of governing the people, which was often met with resistance from the locals. As a result, many Africans began to form political parties and associations to fight for their rights and advocate for independence.

Examples of political parties and associations in West Africa include:

  1. National Congress of British West Africa: This was founded in 1920 and advocated for the right of Africans to participate in the government of their countries. They also fought against forced labor and taxes.
  2. Convention People’s Party: This was founded in 1949 by Kwame Nkrumah in Ghana. The party aimed to unite the people of Ghana and fight for their independence from British rule.
  3. National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons: This was founded in 1944 by Herbert Macaulay in Nigeria. The party advocated for self-government for Nigerians and fought against discriminatory policies.
  4. African Democratic Rally: This was founded in 1946 in French West Africa. The party was founded to fight for the rights of Africans in French colonies.
  5. Union for the Progress of Guinea: This was founded in 1958 in Guinea. The party was founded to fight for the independence of Guinea from French rule.

These political parties and associations played a significant role in the independence movements of their respective countries. They held meetings, rallies, and protests to raise awareness about the need for independence and to fight against colonial policies that oppressed the African people.

In conclusion, the formation of political parties and associations in West Africa was a crucial step towards independence and self-governance. These groups united the people of West Africa and helped them to fight for their rights and independence from European powers

Evaluation

  1. When did the National Congress of British West Africa form? a) 1920 b) 1949 c) 1958 d) 1944
  2. Who founded the Convention People’s Party in Ghana? a) Herbert Macaulay b) Kwame Nkrumah c) Jomo Kenyatta d) Patrice Lumumba
  3. What did the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons advocate for? a) Self-government for Nigerians b) Independence from French rule c) Rights for Africans in French colonies d) Right of Africans to participate in government
  4. When was the African Democratic Rally founded? a) 1944 b) 1946 c) 1958 d) 1920
  5. What was the aim of the Union for the Progress of Guinea? a) Fight for independence from British rule b) Fight for self-government in Nigeria c) Fight for rights of Africans in French colonies d) Fight for independence from French rule
  6. What was the main purpose of political parties and associations in West Africa? a) To promote European culture and values b) To fight against discriminatory policies c) To support colonial rule d) To enforce forced labor and taxes
  7. What methods did political parties and associations use to advocate for independence? a) Violence and armed conflict b) Peaceful protests and demonstrations c) Boycotts and strikes d) Diplomatic negotiations
  8. Which European power controlled Guinea during the colonial period? a) Britain b) France c) Portugal d) Germany
  9. How did the National Congress of British West Africa fight against forced labor and taxes? a) By holding meetings and rallies b) By engaging in armed conflict c) By negotiating with colonial authorities d) By boycotting colonial products
  10. Which political party was founded to unite the people of Ghana and fight for their independence? a) African Democratic Rally b) National Congress of British West Africa c) Convention People’s Party d) Union for the Progress of Guinea

Lesson Plan Presentation: Colonial Policies and African Discontent

Procedure:

  1. Introduction (10 mins)
  • Begin by asking students what they know about the colonial period in West Africa and how it affected the people of the region
  • Introduce the topic of political parties and associations and explain why they emerged during this period
  • Provide an overview of the key objectives and goals of these organizations
  1. Key Political Parties and Associations (20 mins)
  • Use the PowerPoint presentation to introduce students to the key political parties and associations that emerged in West Africa during the colonial period
  • Discuss the founding of organizations such as the National Congress of British West Africa, the Convention People’s Party in Ghana, and the Union for the Progress of Guinea
  • Provide examples of the methods used by these organizations to advocate for independence and self-rule, such as peaceful protests, boycotts, and strikes
  1. Group Activities (30 mins)
  • Divide students into small groups and provide each group with a set of images and primary source documents related to the topic
  • Ask students to discuss the documents and images and identify key themes and ideas related to the struggle for independence in West Africa
  • Provide prompts for group discussion, such as: What were the key challenges faced by political parties and associations during this period? How did they respond to these challenges? What was the impact of their work on the struggle for independence?
  1. Conclusion (10 mins)
  • Bring the class back together and summarize the key ideas and themes discussed during the lesson
  • Ask students to reflect on what they have learned and how it relates to their understanding of the history and culture of West Africa
  • Encourage students to continue exploring this topic on their own and to seek out additional resources and information

Assessment:

  • Group participation and discussion
  • Written reflection on the lesson and its themes and ideas
  • Short quiz or assessment on key terms and concepts related to the topic
Weekly Assessment/Test

 

  1. ___________ emerged in West Africa during the colonial period.
  2. Political parties and associations advocated for __________ and self-rule.
  3. The National Congress of British West Africa was founded in __________.
  4. The Convention People’s Party was founded in __________.
  5. The Union for the Progress of Guinea was founded in __________.
  6. Political parties and associations used __________, boycotts, and strikes to advocate for their goals.
  7. The struggle for independence in West Africa faced many __________.
  8. Political parties and associations responded to challenges by __________.
  9. The work of political parties and associations had an impact on the struggle for __________.
  10. Formation of political parties and associations is a significant aspect of West African __________ history.

Test

  1. What is the formation of political parties and associations in West Africa?
  2. What did political parties and associations advocate for during the colonial period?
  3. When was the National Congress of British West Africa founded?
  4. When was the Convention People’s Party founded?
  5. When was the Union for the Progress of Guinea founded?
  6. What methods did political parties and associations use to advocate for their goals?
  7. What challenges did the struggle for independence in West Africa face?
  8. How did political parties and associations respond to challenges?
  9. What impact did the work of political parties and associations have on the struggle for independence in West Africa?
  10. Why is the formation of political parties and associations a significant aspect of West African history?