Types of houses

Types of houses

Modern House

Olden Days House

Subject : 

Civic Education

Term :

First Term / 1st Term


Week 3

Class :

Basic 5 / year 5 / primary 5


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of Why many people do not own houses in NIGERIA    in their previous classes

Topic :

Types of houses

Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • mention types of houses
  • give examples of modern houses
  • mention examples of olden days houses


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures of different types of houses
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

Types of houses

Houses have two major categories based on the time frame in which those houses were built . Hence we have two major categories which are

Modern Houses and Olden days Houses 


Modern Houses 

Modern houses are houses that are built recently and they are mostly found in ,major cities in Nigeria like Lagos or Abuja . These houses are built by engineers with sophisticated tools and equipment with fascinating designs . Major materials that are used in building modern houses are cement , water , sand, granites , gravel , iron rods, tiles etc . most of these modern houses are named based om the number of bedrooms that they have . Modern houses are built using recent designs, recent materials and recent technology. They are far more attractive and comfortable than primitive houses. Modern houses can often be found in large towns and cities. They are built with cement and concrete. They have glass windows, refined wooden doors (as well as metal doors and gates). The toilets, bathrooms and kitchens are within the houses. Examples of modern houses include the:

  1. Bungalow
  2. Storey  Building like two storey , three storey etc
  3. Duplex
  4. Mansions
  5. Blocks of Flats like two bedroom flat , three bedroom flat etc


Primitive Houses of Olden Days Houses 

These types of houses were built with primitive building materials like ashes , mud , raffia , wood or palm fonds .  These types of houses are easily found and noticed in villages in Nigeria . These types of primitive house were jointly built by friends and family that had come together to help each other ,

Most of these primitive hoses did not always stand the test of time are they were easily destroyed by harsh weather conditions like heat or fire , rainfall or wind .

Primitive houses always had a separate building for bathroom , toilet , kitchen , or bedroom

Examples of primitive houses are

  1. Mud house : These were homes for our fore fathers that lived in the pre colonial era . Their houses were made from burnt mud ( terra cotta ) . Ashes were used as paint to decorate and paint these houses in the olden days .
  2. Plank house : These types of houses were made of houses . some can still be sited in Ibadan or UNILAG Male Hostel
  3. thatch house  : These houses were entirely=y made up of palm tree fronds or leaves  . Of recent such houses can now be seen in exquisite restaurant or bars
  4. Hut : These are old primitive building with two or more rooms
  5. Caves : These are enclosure for early men that lived in the olden days . Caves are rocky enclosures with entrance that housed early men and wide animals in  the olden days
  6. Tents : Tent are temporary make shift shelter that housed people in the olden days. Tents were made of long thick clothes tied with rope at four corners with sticks that were pegged into the ground .
  7. Boat house : These types of houses were common to people that lived in the riverine area of Nigeria . Small houses were constructed on top of boats . These small houses would protect the fisherman from wind , rainfall or the intense heat of the sun . Some of the small boat houses can still be sited from the third mainland bridge  very close to Adekunle wood plank sawmill
  8. Tree house : Well this type of house is not common in Nigeria but among the foreigners . houses were built in tree trunks or branches ;



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



  • Mention four modern houses
  • Mention four primitive houses in Nigeria
  • If you were to build a modern house , which one will you build and why ?
  • Which primitive house was not common among Nigerians




Prepare for the next lesson by reading about   Ways of making more people own houses



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