CIVIC EDUCATION PRIMARY FIVE FIRST TERM

CIVIC EDUCATION PRIMARY FIVE

FIRST TERM

WKS TOPICS

  1. Our Values
  2. Why many people do not own houses in NIGERIA 
  3. (A). Modern houses  (B). Types of houses:
  4. Ways of making more people own houses
  5. Values in house construction
  6. The values in house construction
  7. Dangers of poorly constructed houses
  8. Government’s Main Service
  9. Quality of services provided by government (B). Types of services provided by government
  10. (A). Consequences of poor services
  11. Why government is unable to provide services
  12. (A). How to help government to provide service (B). Communal activities by student
  13. Problems created by Bad Leadership (A). Meaning of leadership

(B). Problems associated with Bad Leadership

  1. Attitude of victim of natural Disasters
  2. (A). Some common Natural Disasters (B). Causes of natural disaster
  3. (A). Effect of natural disasters on life and property (B). our attitude towards the victims of natural Disasters
  4. (A). Ways of assisting people affected by disasters

(B). Organizations responsible for helping accident Victims

  1. Revision and Test
  2. Examination

 

 

  1. Caves. Sometimes, primitive people in rocky environments carve out houses for themselves from the rocks.
  2. Mud houses. Mud houses are found mainly in African countries and other developing countries. Mud is the major building material. Often mud houses have thatched roofs or zinc roofs. Mud houses can be durable if well built.
  3. Huts. A hut is a small simple building with only one or two rooms. It is usually built with mud or wood. Huts are usually found in rural communities.
  1. House boats. In some riverine areas, where housing is scarce and expensive, people live on house boats. Examples of places where house boats can be found are China and Hong Kong.
  2. Houses on stilts. In some riverine areas and places that get flooded often, people raise their houses off the water on stilts. Such houses can be found in parts of Balyesa, Rivers, and Delta States and in some parts of Lagos (on the Lagoon). They can also be found in places like Papua New Guinea and Cambodia.
  3. Tents. Usually, tents are made of thick cloth or animal hide supported with poles and branches. Tents can be removed and taken to other locations. Some nomadic tribes in North Africa and East Africa live in tents.

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson

Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions. Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

  1. Define house

Week 2

Topic: Our Values

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to 1…state the reason why many people don’t own houses in Nigeria

  1. Mention the ways of making more people own houses Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Getting More People To Own Houses

  1. Parents and teachers should teach children to learn to save part of their money regularly, so that over a period of time, they will have enough money to acquire their own houses.
  2. People should make an investigation on how to take advantage of the different housing schemes which the government has set up.
  3. Government should establish more housing schemes and operate them in such a way that people can pay by installments over a period of time.
  4. Government and non-governmental organizations should assist rural dwellers to build simple houses.
  5. Government should advertise its various housing schemes, so that more people will know about them and take advantage of them.
  6. Banks and mortgage institutions, that have favorable housing schemes, should advertise their arrangements widely so that people can patronize them. The conditions must not be so harsh as to discourage people from getting loans from them.
  7. Government should plan cities, towns and villages properly and provide social amenities everywhere, so that people will find almost everywhere desirable to live in. This will make houses cheaper than they are now 

 

cities.

  1. Government should ensure that those who manufacture and sell building materials sell at affordable prices, so that more people can buy them.
  2. Government should encourage the use of cheaper local building Material Strategies and activities:

 

1. Define Modern houses

Week 3

Topic: Values in house construction

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Define value
  2. Know what values in house construction is all about Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Values are those ideas which we, as members of society, have about what is right and what is wrong. A society without values will be chaotic and eventually get destroyed. Values keep a society decent, progressive, safe and attractive. Generally, the values relevant to house construction are those values which we must possess as members of society. They include:

  1. Honesty
  2. Cooperation
  3. Self reliance
  4. Unity
  5. Tolerance
  6. Love
  7. Respect
  8. Peace
  9. Humility
  10. Happiness
  11. Freedom
  12. Responsibility
  13. Discipline
  14. Hard work
  15. Respect for quality, and accountability
  16. Honesty (accountability, accuracy). Builders, property developers, bricklayers, building materials merchants and all those involved in the construction of houses, must be honest. They should use materials of high quality.
  17. Self reliance (hard work, skill and discipline). Nigeria has many qualified people in the construction industry. Some of them are engineers, electricians, bricklayers, builders, surveyors, architects and plumbers. They should work hard and use their skills to construct good houses.
  18. Cooperation and unity. At construction sites, all workers should cooperate in order to construct good houses for the people.
  19. Tolerance, love, respect and peace. When we love others, we would treat them the way we want them to treat us. Builders and construction workers should show love for the owner of the house by being honest in the way they handle the construction of the house.
  20. Happiness. Construction workers should do their work with joy. Also, those in charge should keep the workers happy by paying them well and promptly

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions. Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic

Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

1. Define Honesty

Week 4

Topic: Government Main services

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Mention some social amenities/infrastructures.
  2. List some of the main services provided for the people. Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

  1. years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Services refer to those things which are officially provided by the government for everyone in a country. Government’s main services include these:

  1. Maintenance of peace and security. The police force is the main agency of government which protects lives and property. The police maintain peace in society.
  2. Maintenance of law and order. The government ensures that people obey the laws of the country, so that things can work in an orderly way.
  3. Justice and equity. Government ensures that people get justice whenever they have a problem. It does this by establishing different courts, and employing lawyers and judges. When people have a problem with other people, they can go to court and get fair judgment.
  4. Defense. Government defends the country against her enemies. The armed forces are directly in charge of defense. They protect Nigeria against aggression from other countries. The armed forces are made up of the army, the air force and the navy.
  5. Educations. Government ensures that there are good schools for children and even adults to attend. It makes sure that the teachers work in the schools, and that they get paid.
  6. Health care. Government provides hospitals that are equipped with gadgets for health care. It also employs qualified health care providers such as doctors, nurses, pharmacists and laboratory scientists to look after the health of those who are sick.
  7. Water. Government makes available potable water to prevent diseases. Pipe borne water is very important for use at home and in industries.
  8. Electricity
  9. Good roads
  10. Transportation
  11. Communication
  12. Streetlights

Quality of services provided by Government

1 Accountability. People in government should realise that they are serving their country, and be ready to give the citizens an account of their services. 2 Transparency. The government should not be secretive in the way it

operates, because the country belongs to all citizens. Nigerians should be made to know how money is being spent to make the services work.

  1. Time consciousness. Those who work in different agencies that provide the services should arrive their work places early and regularly.
  2. Dedication, faithfulness and integrity. Government officials should be dedicated to their work. They should be faithful and loyal to the government in the discharge of their responsibilities.

Types of services Provided by government

  1. Courts.
  2. Electricity.
  3. Education.
  4. Emergency services.
  5. Environmental protection.
  6. Health car
  1. Military.
  2. Public transportation. Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils questions. Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

1. List any two services provided by government

Week 5

Topic: Government Main services

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Mention some social amenities/infrastructures.
  2. List some of the main services provided for the people.

Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum

Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Consequences of poor services

  1. Lack of trust. The citizens will be dissatisfied and will not trust the government any more.
  2. High costs of living. Private individuals would provide some of those services, and charge high rates on them. A good example is electricity. Many people now buy generators and petrol to provide electricity at home and in the factories.
  3. An ineffective work force. If teachers, for instance, are not paid, they will find it difficult to teach. Also, if the police are unpaid, they will not be willing to protect the people.
  4. Disorganization and confusion. People will be unruly if government services are poor. When the roads are bad, drivers may not obey traffic rules and regulations. If government hospitals do not work, people would be forced to patronize quacks, and may eventually lose their lives.
  5. Insecurity. When streetlights do not work, for instance, or when there is power outage, thieves could easily hide and operate at night in the affected areas.
  6. Anarchy and frustration. When people are frustrated because of poor services, they may go on strike or riot

Why government is unable to provide services

  1. Population increase. Many government facilities can no longer serve the people, because when such facilities were first provided, Nigerians were not as many as they are now. With the increase in population, such facilities are overstretched. So they can no longer meet the needs of the people. Such facilities include universities, hospitals, and electricity transformers.
  2. Insensitivity. Some government officials are very lazy and insensitive to the feelings of their fellow citizens. Many of them do not go to work every day.

Some go to work very late and may not do any satisfactory work.

  1. Corruption. Some government officials are corrupt. Money meant for the provision of services is sometimes diverted to personal use. When such officials are caught, they should be tried in court and, if found guilty, sent to jail to serve as a deterrent to others.
  2. Inadequate planning. Some of our leaders have failed to take population increase into consideration. As a result, they make plans for only those that are available at planning time. This is inadequate planning.
  3. Lack of maintenance culture. Some of the equipment with which government services are rendered are obsolete, because they were not maintained over the years, nor were they replaced with new ones when appropriate.

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils questions.

Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

1. List any two consequences of poor services Week 6

Topic: Government Main services

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Mention some social amenities/infrastructures.
  2. List some of the main services provided for the people. Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

  1. years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Helping the government to provide services

These are some of the ways we can help the government to provide services: 1 Everyone should pay their taxes regularly.

  1. People should promptly pay bills and rates, e.g. water rate and electricity bills.
  2. When children attend government schools, their parents should pay any official development levies imposed on pupils.
  3. Those who undertake government contracts should be honest, and provide high quality service, and supply the right kind of materials which they have been contracted to supply.
  4. Communities should organize self help programmes, for example provision of boreholes, pipe borne water and community clinics.
  5. Non-governmental organizations can be set up to help the less privileged in society, in order to reduce the number of those who look up to government to care for them

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions. Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding. Assignment

1. List any two ways of helping the government

Week 7

Topic: Problems created by bad leadership

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Meaning of leadership
  2. Problems associated with bad leadership Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Leadership refers to the position of being a leader. It also refers to that group of people who rule a country or an organization. Bad leadership, in this context, refers to a situation in which some of the leaders of a country are bad. Sometimes, it could be the president or the state governors. It could also be other leaders who work with the president or the state governors

Problems

The following are some of the problems created by bad leadership in a country:

  1. Dissatisfaction by the citizens
  2. Destruction of lives and property 3 Poor health
  3. Insecurity
  4. Injustice
  5. Mismanagement of resources
  6. An ineffective and inefficient labor force

How to check the excesses of bad leaders The solution include

  1. Discussion
  2. Employing the services of elder statesmen 3 Publicity
  3. Public demonstrations
  4. Strikes
  5. Reducing the leaders’ authority 7 Impeachment

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions. Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic

Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding Assignment

1. List any two problems associated with bad leadership

Week 8

Topic: Attitude of victims of natural disasters

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Meaning of Natural disasters
  2. Differences btw natural disasters and unnatural disasters Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Natural disasters are caused by the forces of nature,while man-made disasters are caused by human beings or even animals,and are accidental.

Difference between natural disasters and unnatural disasters Man-made/Unnatural disasters include

  1. Fire accidents.
  2. Transport accidents of various kinds (air, road, water, etc.)
  3. Collapsed mines. Miners may get trapped underground, especially when there is an explosion when they are working, and may die there.
  4. Chemical accidents. A chemical accident could occur if, for instance, gas pipes are not well laid. So the gas may leak and kill humans and animals that inhale the polluted air

Natural disasters may be caused by the following:

  1. An avalanche. This occurs when a large mass of snow, ice or rocks fall down the side of a mountain.
  2. Blizzards. These are produced by a period of very cold weather when there is snow.
  3. Cyclones. Cyclones are caused by very strong winds that move very fast in a circle.
  4. Droughts. This occurs when there is lack of rain for a long time in a place. As a result, there wouldn’t be enough water for plants and animals to live on.
  5. Earthquakes. Earthquakes are caused by a sudden shaking of the earth. Houses collapse and kill or injure those around.
  6. Floods. A flood is a very large amount of water, which covers an area that is normally dry. Floods are usually caused by heavy rainfall. They can occur when a river overflows its banks, thereby spreading to dry areas.

Hail. This occurs when rain falls in the form of hard balls of ice.

  1. Hurricane. This occurs when terrible storms produce strong, fast winds that move over water.
  2. Landslides. A landslide is the sudden fall of a lot of earth or rocks down a hill.
  3. Lightning. This is a powerful flash of light in the sky. It usually happens during storms, and is followed by thunder.
  4. Tornadoes. A tornado is a very violent storm, which is made up of air that spins very fast.
  5. Volcanic eruptions. These occur when a hot substance known as lava (or molten magma) suddenly erupts from the earth. Molten magma is extremely hot, dangerous, and moves with speed.

.

  1. Tsunamis. These are very terrible sea waves which cause terrible damage. They can be caused by earthquakes or volcanic eruptions that take place under the sea.
  2. Wild fires. They occur suddenly and spread very quickly. They happen in the forest, and can sometimes be caused by lightning

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions. Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic

Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding Assignment

1. List any two natural disasters you know

Week 9

Topic: Effect of Natural disasters

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Mention any common natural disasters
  2. Effects of natural disaster Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

Effects

  1. Loss of lives
  2. Loss of property 3 Epidemics

4 Environmental pollution, which could also result in diseases 5 Lack of food and clean water

6 Loss of farmland 7 Homelessness

  1. Economic loss (poverty)
  2. Psychological damage. Those who survive a disaster experience a lot of sorrow and confusion for a long period of time.

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions. Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding Assignment

1. List any two effects of natural disasters you Know

Week 10

Topic: Ways of assisting people affected by disasters

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Mention any common natural disasters
  2. Effects of natural disaster Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials Scheme of work

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes

CONTENT OF THE TOPIC

1 We could take them to our homes. 2 We could offer them food.

  1. We could make donations to health care workers to help provide medicines for them.
  2. If people are trapped under debris, we could join the rescue team. We should also give the rescue teams’ useful information.
  3. We can visit the victims and pray with them.
  4. We can help repair the damage done by the disaster if we have the skill to do so

Organizations responsible for helping accident

National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA). It is the body officially charged with the responsibility of looking after disaster victims. It helps to distribute relief materials such as food and clothing to them. They also advise the victims on how to continue with life without remaining in sorrow for a long time.

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions. Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding Assignment

1. List any two ways of assisting people affected by disasters

 

(Visited 1,326 times, 1 visits today)

error: Content is protected !!