Importance of Soil To Animals

Subject : 

Basic Science and Technology

Term :

First   Term / 1st Term


Week 5

Class :

Basic 3 / Year 3 / Primary 3


Previous lesson : 

The pupils have been taught the importance of soil to plants   in their  previous lesson 



Importance of Soil To Animals 


Behavioural objectives :

At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Explain the meaning of soil
  • List types of soil
  • Mention the importance of soil to animals

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards
  • Different types of soil
  • Samples soil
  • Plant growing out from soil in a tin or clay pot

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

Soil is the upper most layer of the earth surface  on which plants grow. Soil consists of a solid matter of minerals and organic matter, as well as a pore space that holds gases and water. Soils consists of three-state system of solids, liquids, and gases.


Soil is also the mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

Types of soil; there are basic three types of soil:

Loamy soil : This is the best soil for farming or planting of crops

Clay soil : This types of soil is used for making clay pots

Sandy soil : This type of soil is used by civil engineers in  building houses and bridges

Benefits  of soil to animals 

  1. Soil is the foundation of all life on earth without it, we couldn’t grow food we need to live.
  2. Soils provides shelter to some organisms like earthworms and termites
  3. Soil absorbs the decomposed dead organisms
  4. Soil provides foods for animals as most food eaten by animals grow on soil .
  5. Soil provides the necessary water for animals existence on earth
  6. Soil is used by human to make some utensils that they use in kitchen
  7. Soil helps animals in the process of water cleaning and purification
  8. Soil helps to regulate the earth’s temperature by holding fix firmly trees that provide shade for animals
  9. Soil acts to prevent animals from flooding by absorbing rain water therefore preventing erosion.
  10. Soil maintains and sustains animal existence on earth





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



1. What is soil .

2. Mention three types of soil .

3. What is the best soil for planting or farming

4. Write out four importance of soil to plants

5. Write out five importance of soil to animals

6. Mention two living things that live in the soil

7. The soil filters our ………………….

8, State two environmental importance of soil.






Prepare for the next lesson by reading about  wind



Spread the word if you find this helpful! Click on any social media icon to share
Use the search box to search for any topics or subjects that you want