Reproduction In Domestic Animals


Reproduction In Domestic Animals


Subject : 

Basic Science and Technology

Term :

Second Term


Week 2

Class :

Basic 5 / Primary 5

Previous lesson : 

The pupils have previous knowledge of   domestic animals in their previous lesson

Topic :

Reproduction In Domestic Animals




Behavioural objectives :

At the end of lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • Define domestic animals
  • Describe the habits of some animals
  • Explain the process of reproduction in some domestic animals .
  • Mention the gestation periods of some domestic animals
  • Names some young ones of domestic animals
  • Mention other foods eaten by domestic animals

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks

Methods of Teaching :

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials :

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks


Content :

What are domestic animals   ?

Domestic animals are tamed animals that live with us at home .They are domesticated and not wide . Some of these animals  are kept at home as pets while some are kept purposely for sales or consumption . Pets are animals that are kept for fun , pleasure ,friendship , companion or guide . Farm animals are animals that are reared for agricultural purposes or financial gains .


Examples of commonly found domestic animals are 

  • dogs
  • cats
  • parrots
  • goats
  • hen
  • cows
  • ram
  • pigs

Habitats  of Some  Domestic Animals

Habitat refers to the dwelling place of living organisms. It is their natural place of abode. Some domestic animals like sheep , goats , cow are terrestrial animals because they live on land . Most birds live in trees while fishes live in water .




 The process of Reproduction in Some Domestic Animals .

Reproduction is the one of the characteristics of living things that enable them to reproduce, replace or procreate similar young  ones or offspring that look like or resemble the original old parents. It is the process of breeding, increasing and maintaining the population of domestic animals on the farm .



Gestation periods of some domestic animals

Gestation periods simply refers to the periods of pregnancy in domestic animals that are mammals . Poultry birds like hen , ducks , gooses or turkey do not have gestation periods because they lay eggs and they sit on their eggs for some days before fertilization occurs and the birds turn to chicks .


Some Domestic Animals and their gestation periods .

  • Goats === 150 days
  • Cows === 283 days
  • Pigs ==== 115 days
  • Ewe  ==== 152 days
  • Dogs ====68  days
  • Cats ===== 67 days
  • Donkey ===420 days


Names of Young Ones of Domestic Animals

  • Goats === kid
  • Cows === calf
  • Pigs ==== piglet
  • Ewe  ==== lamb
  • Dogs ====puppy
  • Cats ===== kittens
  • Donkey ===colt
  • Hen ===== chicken
  • Duck ===== Duckling

Uses of farm Animals

Goat provides meats hides and skin.

Turkey provides meat, eggs and feathers

Rabbit provides meat

Cow provides beef meat, milk, hides and skin.

Horse is used for work.

Donkey is used to carry load.

Camel is used to carry load

Cattle is used to work

Chicken provides meats, eggs and feathers.

Pig provides pork meat.

Duck provides eggs, meat and feathers

Sheep provides meat and wool.



  1. We make money when by selling them to people.
  2. They are used as securities (dog)
  3. They are source of food to human.
  4. Rearing of domestic animals provides employment opportunities




The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise




The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.



  • What is reproduction .
  • What is gestation period .
  • Mention the gestation periods in these animals

Goats ===

Cows ===

Pigs ====

Ewe  ====

Dogs ====

  • Write out the names of the young ones of these domestic animals

Goats ===

Cows ===

Pigs ====

Ewe  ====

Dogs ====


Prepare for the next lesson by reading about The Human skeletal system



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