Reproduction In Domestic Animals
Basic Science and Technology
Basic 5 / Primary 5
Previous lesson :
The pupils have previous knowledge of domestic animals in their previous lesson
Reproduction In Domestic Animals
Behavioural objectives :
At the end of lesson, pupils should be able to:
- Define domestic animals
- Describe the habits of some animals
- Explain the process of reproduction in some domestic animals .
- Mention the gestation periods of some domestic animals
- Names some young ones of domestic animals
- Mention other foods eaten by domestic animals
Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
What are domestic animals ?
Domestic animals are tamed animals that live with us at home .They are domesticated and not wide . Some of these animals are kept at home as pets while some are kept purposely for sales or consumption . Pets are animals that are kept for fun , pleasure ,friendship , companion or guide . Farm animals are animals that are reared for agricultural purposes or financial gains .
Examples of commonly found domestic animals are
Habitats of Some Domestic Animals
Habitat refers to the dwelling place of living organisms. It is their natural place of abode. Some domestic animals like sheep , goats , cow are terrestrial animals because they live on land . Most birds live in trees while fishes live in water .
The process of Reproduction in Some Domestic Animals .
Reproduction is the one of the characteristics of living things that enable them to reproduce, replace or procreate similar young ones or offspring that look like or resemble the original old parents. It is the process of breeding, increasing and maintaining the population of domestic animals on the farm .
Gestation periods of some domestic animals
Gestation periods simply refers to the periods of pregnancy in domestic animals that are mammals . Poultry birds like hen , ducks , gooses or turkey do not have gestation periods because they lay eggs and they sit on their eggs for some days before fertilization occurs and the birds turn to chicks .
Some Domestic Animals and their gestation periods .
- Goats === 150 days
- Cows === 283 days
- Pigs ==== 115 days
- Ewe ==== 152 days
- Dogs ====68 days
- Cats ===== 67 days
- Donkey ===420 days
Names of Young Ones of Domestic Animals
- Goats === kid
- Cows === calf
- Pigs ==== piglet
- Ewe ==== lamb
- Dogs ====puppy
- Cats ===== kittens
- Donkey ===colt
- Hen ===== chicken
- Duck ===== Duckling
Uses of farm Animals
Goat provides meats hides and skin.
Turkey provides meat, eggs and feathers
Rabbit provides meat
Cow provides beef meat, milk, hides and skin.
Horse is used for work.
Donkey is used to carry load.
Camel is used to carry load
Cattle is used to work
Chicken provides meats, eggs and feathers.
Pig provides pork meat.
Duck provides eggs, meat and feathers
Sheep provides meat and wool.
BENEFITS OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS
- We make money when by selling them to people.
- They are used as securities (dog)
- They are source of food to human.
- Rearing of domestic animals provides employment opportunities
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
- What is reproduction .
- What is gestation period .
- Mention the gestation periods in these animals
- Write out the names of the young ones of these domestic animals
Prepare for the next lesson by reading about The Human skeletal system