Previous lesson :
The pupils have previous knowledge of Review of last year’s work
Meaning of Agriculture
Growing of crops
Behavioural objectives :
At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to
- say the meaning of Agriculture
- list the methods of growing plants
Instructional Materials :
- Wall charts
- Related Online Video
- Flash Cards
Methods of Teaching :
- Class Discussion
- Group Discussion
- Asking Questions
- Role Modelling
- Role Delegation
Reference Materials :
- Scheme of Work
- Online Information
- 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
Agricultural science deals with the cultivation of land and rearing of animals for man’s use . Man’s wants are insatiable and hence the need for man to till land and rear animals in order to source for raw materials for producing other things that he may need .
Agriculture is the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the
soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool,
and other products.
Agriculture is one of the oldest and most important
occupations of mankind. It is the practice of growing crops and rearing
animals for food and raw materials for man’s use.
It also includes many other
aspects of production, such as processing of harvested crops into food and raw
materials; processing of animals into food and raw materials and marketing
of processed crops and animals. The meaning of agriculture as cultivation of
land is derived from two Latin words: ager – meaning land and cultura –
meaning land cultivation.
Agriculture involves different types of farming practices, such as land
preparation, nursery making, establishment of plantations, control of pests
and diseases, plant breeding, control of weeds and harvesting. Animal
husbandry practices include breeding, housing, feeding, health care, egg
collection, culling, meat processing and sales of animal products. Agriculture
supplies the three main basic human needs: food, clothing and shelter.
Methods of Growing Crops Adopted By Man
The topic is presented step by step
The class teacher revises the previous topics
He introduces the new topic
The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise
The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.
The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.
He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.
- Explain the meaning of Agriculture
- Mention the four methods of cropping
- Write out tools that were used by early men in the olden days for farming
- Write out four different types of farming activities .
Prepare for the next lesson by reading about farming activities