Representative Democracy. Pressure Groups in Nigeria

Subject :  Civic Education Primary 5


Topic :

Representative Democracy

  • Definition Democracy and Social Justice
  • Meaning Of pressure groups with examples
  • Importance of pressure groups

Class :

Basic 5 / Primary 5

Term :

Third Term

Week :

Week 4

Instructional Materials :

Pictures of members of different pressure groups



Online Resources

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have been taught Civic duties and obligations in their previous lessons. They have also been taught the consequences of citizens falling to perform their Duties and Obligations

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • Define democracy
  • Explain social justice
  • Explain social injustice
  • Say the meaning of pressure groups
  • Give examples of pressure groups in Nigeria
  • Say the importance of pressure groups in Nigeria


Reference Materials 

  • Online Resource Materials
  • Various Textbooks on Civic Education Book 4
  • Lagos State Upper Primary Scheme of Work For Primary 4


Content :

Democracy  :

Democracy is the system of government that started in Ancient Greece which enabled people of certain country to vote for their representatives through period elections.

It is a system of government where by the people vote for some people to represent them in government for a given period of time

Social Justice :

Social Justice is a situation in the society whereby everybody is treated equally without preference in the presence of the state legal system


Social Injustice :

Social injustice is a situation in the society whereby everybody is not treated equally in the presence of the law.


What are pressure groups? 

Pressure groups are groups of professionals with the same work descriptions and interests that come together to form groups or associations with the aim and purpose of protecting and safeguarding the interests of their members


Examples of Pressure Groups In Nigeria

These are the examples of pressure groups that are registered in Nigeria 🇳🇬

  1. Professional Pressure groups eg
  • Nigerian Medical Association (NMA)
  • Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT)
  • Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ)
  • The Nigerian Bar Association (NBA)
  • The National Union of Road Transport Workers (Up Nationals) (NURTW)
  • Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC)
  • Nigeria Trade Union (NTU)
  • Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASSU)
  1. Economic Pressure Group 
  • Nigerian Chamber of Commerce
  • Manufacturers Association of Nigeria
  1. Religious Pressure Group 
  • Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN)
  • Nigeria Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs (NSCIA)

What are the importance of these social groups

  1. They protect the interest of their members
  2. Pressure groups are not interested in taking part in elections or holding political posts
  3. The set rules and regulations that will guide the conducts of their members.
  4. Pressure groups protect their members from social vices and social injustice.
  5. Pressure groups give advice to government in power about policies that will benefit their members
  6. Pressure groups give give specialised and expert information to government officials
  7. Pressure groups act as check and balance when it comes to government policies
  8. They educate their members and members of the public as well by organising seminars.



The topic is presented step by step


Step 1: The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2. He introduces the new topic


Step 3: The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :

  1. What is democracy

  2. What are pressure groups?

  3. Give four examples of pressure groups

  4. Mention four duties of pressure groups

Conclusion :


The class teacher gives a brief note and he goes round to mark


Assignment :

Read about how to communicate social injustice to leaders

Spread the word if you find this helpful! Click on any social media icon to share

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Use the search box to search for any topics or subjects that you want