Comprehension Passage on Major festivals in Nigeria like New Yam Festival, Christmas and Eid al-Fitr English Language Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 11

PRY 5 ENGLISH THIRD TERM E-NOTE

Subject :English Grammar

Class :Primary 5

Term :Third Term

Week: 11

Class: Basic 5

Subject: English Grammar

Topic :

  1. Cultural Celebrations Title: “Festivals and Traditions” Description: A passage that explores different cultural celebrations in Nigeria, such as Eid al-Fitr, Christmas, or the New Yam Festival. Comprehension questions can delve into the customs, traditions, and significance of these festivals, promoting cultural understanding and appreciation.

Previous Lesson :

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Content

Title: “Festivals and Traditions”

Introduction:

Festivals and traditions are an integral part of Nigerian culture, showcasing the rich diversity and heritage of our great nation. These celebrations bring people together, allowing us to express our joy, gratitude, and unity. Let’s explore some of the vibrant cultural celebrations that take place in Nigeria, each with its unique customs, traditions, and significance.

 

Eid al-Fitr: 

Eid al-Fitr is a joyous festival celebrated by Muslims all around the world. It marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. During this festival, families come together to break their fast and share delicious meals. Children receive special gifts and new clothes to wear. The highlight of Eid al-Fitr is the special congregational prayer held in mosques, where Muslims gather to offer thanks and seek blessings. It is a time of charity, forgiveness, and spreading love among family, friends, and neighbors.

 

Comprehension Questions:

  1. What is the significance of Eid al-Fitr?

  2. How do Muslims celebrate this festival?

  3. What is the purpose of the special congregational prayer?

 

Christmas:

Christmas is a widely celebrated festival in Nigeria, particularly by Christians. It commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ. The festive season brings forth a spirit of joy and generosity. Families decorate their homes with colorful lights, ornaments, and Christmas trees. Churches hold special services where hymns are sung and the nativity story is retold. Children eagerly await the arrival of Santa Claus, who brings them gifts. A popular tradition is the exchange of gifts among family and friends. Christmas in Nigeria is a time of love, togetherness, and feasting on delicious meals.

Comprehension Passage on Major festivals in Nigeria like New Yam Festival, Christmas and Eid al-Fitr English Language Primary 5 Third Term Lesson Notes Week 11

 

Comprehension Questions:

  1. What is the significance of Christmas?

  2. How do families celebrate Christmas in Nigeria?

  3. What are some traditions associated with Christmas?

 

New Yam Festival:

The New Yam Festival, also known as “Iwa Ji,” is a significant celebration in Igbo culture. It marks the beginning of the harvest season, particularly the yam harvest. Yams are considered a staple food in many Nigerian communities. The festival is a time of thanksgiving to the gods for a bountiful harvest. People dress in traditional attire, and there are colorful parades and cultural performances. The highlight of the festival is the offering of yam tubers to the gods and the sharing of a special yam meal with family and friends. It symbolizes unity, prosperity, and the importance of agriculture in Nigerian society.

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Comprehension Questions:

  1. What is the purpose of the New Yam Festival?

  2. Why are yams significant in Nigerian culture?

  3. How do people celebrate the New Yam Festival?

 

Conclusion:

Cultural celebrations like Eid al-Fitr, Christmas, and the New Yam Festival are a reflection of Nigeria’s diverse heritage and customs. They play a vital role in fostering unity, understanding, and appreciation among different communities. By learning about and participating in these celebrations, we gain a deeper understanding of our fellow Nigerians and their unique traditions. Let us embrace our cultural diversity and celebrate these festivals with joy, respect, and a sense of unity.

 

Note: Teachers can adapt the comprehension questions according to their specific teaching objectives and curriculum requirements.

 

Evaluation 

  1. Eid al-Fitr is celebrated by _________ around the world.
    (a) Christians
    (b) Muslims
    (c) Hindus

  2. During Eid al-Fitr, families come together to _________.
    (a) exchange gifts
    (b) break their fast
    (c) light candles

  3. Christmas is widely celebrated by _________ in Nigeria.
    (a) Christians
    (b) Muslims
    (c) Buddhists

  4. The New Yam Festival is a significant celebration in _________ culture.
    (a) Igbo
    (b) Yoruba
    (c) Hausa

  5. The New Yam Festival marks the beginning of the _________ season.
    (a) planting
    (b) rainy
    (c) harvest

  6. The special congregational prayer is an important part of _________.
    (a) Christmas
    (b) Eid al-Fitr
    (c) New Yam Festival

  7. Christmas is a time of love, togetherness, and _________.
    (a) fasting
    (b) feasting
    (c) dancing

  8. Yams are considered a staple food in _________ communities.
    (a) Yoruba
    (b) Igbo
    (c) Hausa

  9. The New Yam Festival symbolizes unity, prosperity, and the importance of _________.
    (a) education
    (b) agriculture
    (c) technology

  10. The exchange of gifts among family and friends is a _________ tradition.
    (a) Christmas
    (b) Eid al-Fitr
    (c) New Yam Festival

Note: Teachers can modify the questions according to their desired level of difficulty and the specific festivals they wish to focus on.

 

Title: Cultural Celebrations

Lesson Plan – “Festivals and Traditions”

Grade Level: Primary 5
Subject: English Grammar
Duration: 1 hour

Learning Objectives:
1. To develop an understanding of different cultural celebrations in Nigeria.
2. To explore the customs, traditions, and significance of festivals such as Eid al-Fitr, Christmas, and the New Yam Festival.
3. To promote cultural understanding and appreciation among students.
4. To enhance reading comprehension skills through the passage on cultural celebrations.

Learning Materials:
1. Passage on “Festivals and Traditions” (pre-prepared or generated)
2. Whiteboard or blackboard
3. Markers or chalk
4. Comprehension question handout
5. Evaluation question sheet
6. Pens or pencils

Embedded Core Skills:
1. Reading comprehension
2. Critical thinking
3. Listening and speaking
4. Cultural awareness and appreciation

Teacher’s Activities:
1. Introduce the topic of cultural celebrations and explain the importance of understanding and appreciating different festivals in Nigeria.
2. Present the passage on “Festivals and Traditions” to the students.
3. Read the passage aloud, emphasizing pronunciation and intonation.
4. Guide students in reading the passage individually or in pairs, encouraging them to underline important details or unfamiliar words.
5. Facilitate a class discussion on the passage, asking questions about the customs, traditions, and significance of the festivals mentioned.
6. Write key vocabulary words or phrases related to the festivals on the board and discuss their meanings.
7. Distribute the comprehension question handout and explain the instructions to the students.
8. Allow students time to answer the comprehension questions individually.
9. Review the answers as a class, providing explanations and encouraging students to share their thoughts and opinions.
10. Engage in a discussion about the importance of cultural celebrations in promoting unity, understanding, and respect in society.

Learners’ Activities:
1. Listen attentively to the teacher’s introduction and explanation of the topic.
2. Read the passage on “Festivals and Traditions” either individually or in pairs, underlining important details or unfamiliar words.
3. Participate in the class discussion by answering questions and sharing personal experiences related to the festivals.
4. Complete the comprehension questions individually.
5. Engage in group or class discussions to share and compare answers, as well as provide explanations and opinions.

Assessment:
1. Formative Assessment: The teacher will assess students’ understanding and participation during the class discussion, including their ability to answer questions and provide explanations.
2. Summative Assessment: The comprehension questions will serve as a summative assessment to evaluate students’ reading comprehension skills and understanding of the topic.

Evaluation Questions:
1. What is the purpose of cultural celebrations?
2. Name three cultural celebrations mentioned in the passage.
3. How do families celebrate Eid al-Fitr?
4. What is the significance of Christmas in Nigeria?
5. What does the New Yam Festival symbolize?
6. Why are yams significant in Nigerian culture?
7. Describe one custom associated with Christmas.
8. How does the New Yam Festival mark the beginning of the harvest season?
9. Explain the importance of the special congregational prayer in Eid al-Fitr.
10. How can cultural celebrations promote unity and understanding among different communities?

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Conclusion:
In this lesson, we explored the topic of cultural celebrations in Nigeria, focusing on festivals such as Eid al-Fitr, Christmas, and the New Yam Festival. By reading the passage, engaging in discussions, and answering comprehension questions, students deepened their understanding of the customs, traditions, and significance of these festivals. This lesson aimed to promote cultural understanding and appreciation, as well as enhance students’ reading comprehension skills. By uing to learn about and appreciate different cultural celebrations, students are encouraged to embrace diversity and foster unity in their communities. The evaluation questions provided opportunities for students to demonstrate their understanding and critical thinking skills. Through this lesson, students have gained a deeper appreciation for the importance of cultural celebrations in Nigerian society and the role they play in promoting unity, understanding, and respect among diverse communities. By celebrating our cultural diversity, we can build a stronger and more harmonious society.

 

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Weekly Assessment /Test

 

  1. Eid al-Fitr is a cultural celebration primarily observed by _________.

(a) Christians

(b) Muslims

(c) Traditionalists

 

  1. During Eid al-Fitr, families come together to break their fast and share _________.

(a) gifts

(b) laughter

(c) meals

 

  1. Christmas is a widely celebrated festival that commemorates the _________ of Jesus Christ.

(a) birth

(b) resurrection

(c) baptism

 

  1. The New Yam Festival is a significant celebration in _________ culture.

(a) Igbo

(b) Yoruba

(c) Hausa

 

  1. The New Yam Festival marks the beginning of the _________ season.

(a) planting

(b) dry

(c) rainy

 

  1. During Christmas, families decorate their homes with colorful lights, ornaments, and _________.

(a) candles

(b) flowers

(c) Christmas trees

 

  1. The special congregational prayer is a central part of _________.

(a) Eid al-Fitr

(b) Christmas

(c) New Yam Festival

 

  1. Yams hold significant cultural importance in many Nigerian communities, particularly among the _________ people.

(a) Igbo

(b) Yoruba

(c) Hausa

 

  1. The New Yam Festival symbolizes unity, prosperity, and the importance of _________.

(a) education

(b) agriculture

(c) trade

 

  1. During Eid al-Fitr, children receive special _________.

(a) clothes

(b) toys

(c) books

 

  1. The exchange of gifts is a common tradition during _________.

(a) Christmas

(b) New Yam Festival

(c) Eid al-Fitr

 

  1. The nativity story is often retold during _________.

(a) Eid al-Fitr

(b) Christmas

(c) New Yam Festival

 

  1. The New Yam Festival celebrates the harvest of _________.

(a) yams

(b) maize

(c) rice

 

  1. Muslims fast from dawn to dusk during the month of _________.

(a) Ramadan

(b) Shawwal

(c) Hajj

 

  1. During Christmas, churches hold special _________.

(a) prayers

(b) sermons

(c) services

 

  1. The New Yam Festival is also known as _________.

(a) Ileya

(b) Osun-Osogbo

(c) Iwa Ji

 

  1. Muslims give _________ to the poor and needy during Eid al-Fitr.

(a) gifts

(b) charity

(c) greetings

 

  1. Christmas is a time of love, joy, and _________.

(a) fasting

(b) feasting

(c) meditation

 

  1. The special yam meal shared during the New Yam Festival represents _________.

(a) abundance

(b) scarcity

(c) wealth

 

  1. The New Yam Festival promotes gratitude for a _________ harvest.

(a) bountiful

(b) meager

(c) barren

 

Note: Teachers can modify the questions according to their desired level of difficulty and the specific festivals they wish to focus on. It’s important to consider the students’ familiarity with the topic and adapt the questions accordingly. Additionally, teachers can provide explanations and discuss the correct answers with the students to ensure comprehension and reinforce learning.

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