PRY 5 ENGLISH THIRD TERM E-NOTE
Subject :English Grammar
Class :Primary 5
Term :Third Term
Class: Basic 5
Subject: English Studies
Supplementary Reading Story Book
Previous Lesson :
Lesson Plan Presentation: The Story of the Guilty
Objective: By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:
- Understand the structure and usage of simple past tense sentences.
- Analyze and discuss the story “The Guilty” using appropriate vocabulary and grammar.
- Engage in group discussions and express their opinions about the moral lessons in the story.
- Story: “The Guilty”
- Whiteboard or chalkboard
- Markers or chalk
- Printed copies of the story for each student
- Chart paper and markers
The story of the Guilty Boy
Title: The Guilt
Once upon a time in the bustling city of Lagos, there lived five young friends named James, Deborah, Esther, Anthony, and Agnes. They were all primary 5 students studying at St. Mary’s School. One day, their teacher, Miss Grace, gave them an assignment to write an expository story. Little did they know that this assignment would bring them face-to-face with their own guilt.
James, a curious and mischievous boy, had always been intrigued by the old abandoned house on the outskirts of their neighborhood. He loved exploring its mysterious corridors and hidden rooms. One sunny afternoon, James decided to share his secret hideout with his friends.
Excitedly, James gathered his friends near the old house. As they cautiously stepped inside, they were amazed by the sight before them. Dust-covered furniture, cobwebs hanging from the ceiling, and faded photographs adorned the walls. However, amidst the excitement, a painting caught James’ attention. It was a portrait of a kind-looking woman named Mrs. Jenkins.
Curiosity got the better of James as he reached out to touch the painting. But before he could, Deborah, the sensible and responsible one of the group, warned him not to disturb anything. She believed in respecting others’ property, even if it seemed abandoned. James listened reluctantly and backed away, but his curiosity lingered.
Days turned into weeks, and the old house became their secret meeting place. During their visits, James would often gaze at the portrait of Mrs. Jenkins, imagining the stories behind her warm smile. He wondered what happened to her and why the house had been left abandoned.
One fateful day, while exploring the house, they stumbled upon an old diary hidden beneath a pile of books. They eagerly opened it and discovered that it belonged to Mrs. Jenkins herself. They began reading her heartfelt entries, discovering her love for painting, gardening, and her deep desire for her family’s happiness.
As they read further, a chilling revelation unfolded. Mrs. Jenkins had been unjustly accused of a crime she did not commit, leading to her untimely death. The guilt of the townspeople who had accused her weighed heavily on the children’s hearts.
Haunted by the injustice that had befallen Mrs. Jenkins, the five friends decided to seek the truth. They started gathering information from the neighborhood, speaking to older residents who knew about the incident. Slowly, they uncovered the lies and rumors that had surrounded Mrs. Jenkins’ life.
Determined to right the wrongs of the past, James, Deborah, Esther, Anthony, and Agnes decided to organize a community meeting. They invited everyone who had been involved in the accusation against Mrs. Jenkins, along with the townspeople who had blindly believed the rumors.
At the meeting, the children presented their findings, unraveling the truth behind the accusations. They urged the community to acknowledge their mistakes, apologize, and learn from this injustice. Tears flowed, and heartfelt apologies were exchanged.
News of the gathering spread throughout the city of Lagos, and soon, the story of the children who sought justice for Mrs. Jenkins became an inspiration to others. People started questioning rumors and assumptions, choosing empathy and understanding over blind judgment.
James, Deborah, Esther, Anthony, and Agnes became local heroes, known for their courage and determination. The abandoned house, once a symbol of mystery, turned into a community center dedicated to promoting unity and fairness.
From that day forward, the children pledged to always stand up for what was right, fighting against injustice, and spreading the power of forgiveness and compassion.
And so, the story of “The Guilt” became a reminder to the people of Lagos that even the smallest acts of kindness and bravery can bring about great change and heal the wounds of the past
The moral lessons
The story “The Guilt” contains several moral lessons:
1. The Importance of Respecting Others: Deborah’s reminder to James not to disturb the abandoned house emphasizes the significance of respecting others’ property, even if it seems abandoned. It teaches the value of showing respect and consideration towards others’ belongings and spaces.
2. Curiosity and its Consequences: James’ curiosity leads him to explore the abandoned house, but it also serves as a lesson about the potential consequences of unchecked curiosity. The story encourages children to balance their curiosity with responsible decision-making.
3. Seeking the Truth: The children’s determination to uncover the truth about Mrs. Jenkins showcases the importance of seeking justice and finding the truth in the face of injustice. It teaches the lesson of standing up for what is right and not accepting rumors or assumptions blindly.
4. Empathy and Understanding: The community meeting organized by the children promotes empathy and understanding. It highlights the significance of acknowledging one’s mistakes, apologizing, and learning from past injustices. The story encourages compassion and the ability to put oneself in others’ shoes.
5. Courage and Determination: The children’s bravery in seeking justice for Mrs. Jenkins demonstrates the moral lesson of standing up against injustice, even in the face of challenges. It inspires readers to be courageous and determined when fighting for what is right.
6. Forgiveness and Healing: The story emphasizes the power of forgiveness and the healing that comes with acknowledging and rectifying past mistakes. It encourages individuals to let go of grudges and work towards building a better future based on understanding and forgiveness.
7. The Impact of Small Acts: The actions of the children, though seemingly small, have a significant impact on the community. It teaches the lesson that even small acts of kindness, bravery, and determination can bring about positive change and inspire others to follow suit.
Overall, “The Guilt” promotes values such as respect, curiosity with responsibility, truth-seeking, empathy, courage, forgiveness, and the understanding of the transformative power of small acts of kindness.
1. What was the name of the primary school where James, Deborah, Esther, Anthony, and Agnes studied?
a) St. John’s School
b) St. Mary’s School
c) St. Patrick’s School
d) St. Joseph’s School
2. What intrigued James and led him to explore the old abandoned house?
a) A hidden treasure
b) A mysterious diary
c) A portrait of Mrs. Jenkins
d) A ghostly rumor
3. Who among the friends was sensible and responsible?
4. What did Deborah warn James not to do inside the abandoned house?
a) Touch anything
b) Read the diary
c) Enter the hidden rooms
d) Run away
5. What did the children find hidden beneath a pile of books in the old house?
a) A hidden passageway
b) A secret map
c) A diary
d) A valuable painting
6. What did the diary reveal about Mrs. Jenkins?
a) Her love for gardening
b) Her passion for painting
c) Her desire for her family’s happiness
d) All of the above
7. What had Mrs. Jenkins been accused of?
d) None of the above
8. How did the children decide to seek justice for Mrs. Jenkins?
a) By organizing a community meeting
b) By collecting evidence
c) By confronting the townspeople
d) By writing a letter to the authorities
9. What did the community meeting lead to?
a) A celebration of the children’s bravery
b) A declaration of Mrs. Jenkins’ innocence
c) Apologies from the townspeople
d) All of the above
10. What did the abandoned house become after the community meeting?
a) A haunted place
b) A secret hideout for the children
c) A community center
d) A museum for Mrs. Jenkins’ paintings
1. b) St. Mary’s School
2. c) A portrait of Mrs. Jenkins
3. b) Deborah
4. a) Touch anything
5. c) A diary
6. d) All of the above
7. d) None of the above
8. a) By organizing a community meeting
9. d) All of the above
10. c) A community center
Lesson Plan Presentation: The Story of the Guilty
Introduction (5 minutes):
- Greet the students and briefly recap the previous lesson on simple present tense.
- Introduce the topic for today’s lesson: “The Story of the Guilty.”
Warm-up Activity (10 minutes):
- Write three sentences on the board using simple past tense, for example: a) James explored the abandoned house. b) Deborah warned James not to touch anything. c) The children organized a community meeting.
- Ask students to identify the verbs in each sentence and explain that these sentences are written in the past tense.
- Have students take turns creating their own simple past tense sentences related to the story.
Main Lesson (20 minutes):
- Distribute printed copies of the story “The Guilty” to each student.
- Read the story aloud, emphasizing the use of past tense verbs.
- Discuss the story with the students, asking comprehension questions to ensure their understanding. a) Who were the main characters in the story? b) Where did the story take place? c) What was James’ secret hideout? d) What did the children find in the abandoned house? e) How did the children seek justice for Mrs. Jenkins? f) What were the moral lessons in the story?
- Write the identified past tense verbs from the story on the board. Discuss their formation (e.g., adding -ed to regular verbs, irregular verbs) and provide examples
Group Activity (15 minutes):
- Divide the students into small groups of 4-5.
- Assign each group a specific moral lesson from the story, such as “The Importance of Respecting Others” or “Seeking the Truth.”
- In their groups, students should discuss and write down examples or scenarios related to their assigned moral lesson.
- Each group will present their moral lesson and examples to the class.
Class Discussion (10 minutes):
- Lead a class discussion on the moral lessons in the story, encouraging students to share their opinions.
- Write the moral lessons on the chart paper as they are discussed.
- Ask students to explain why they think these lessons are important and how they can apply them in their own lives.
Conclusion (5 minutes):
- Summarize the key points discussed in the lesson, emphasizing the usage of simple past tense verbs.
- Encourage students to reflect on the moral lessons and apply them in their daily lives.
- Assign a written homework task where students write a short paragraph about their favorite moral lesson from the story.
- Observe students’ participation and engagement during class activities and discussions.
- Assess their understanding of the simple past tense by reviewing their sentences and contributions during the group activity.
- Evaluate their written homework assignment based on their comprehension of the story and ability to express their thoughts using appropriate grammar.
Note: Adapt the lesson plan presentation as per the duration of your class periods and the specific needs of your students