Subject : 


Term :







Consequences of human trafficking


Previous lesson: 

The pupils have previous knowledge of


that was taught as a topic in the previous lesson


Behavioural objectives:

At the end of the lesson, the learners will be able to

  • say the consequences of human trafficking
  • define human trafficking



Instructional Materials:

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Related Online Video
  • Flash Cards



Methods of Teaching:

  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Asking Questions
  • Explanation
  • Role Modelling
  • Role Delegation


Reference Materials:

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum
  • Workbooks








(c) Consequences of human trafficking – Physical, Psychological and Social.

(d) Preventive Measures – Public enlightenment, Education,

Advocacy and Legislation, etc.


The following are the consequences of human trafficking

  • Children and women who are trafficked suffer many physical damages. For example, some travel long distances, sometime in difficult terrain like desert. Many die as a result of being physically exhausted on such journeys.
  • Children especially are subjected to physical hardship as they are used as house helpers, hawkers of goods on the roads and in the market.
  • Physical and sexual abuse of trafficking persons leads to psychological trauma and fear.
  • Victims stand the risk of having: HIV/AIDS/STI.
  • The psychological effect led to retardation in the victims’ lives.
  • When children and women who are trafficked later realized the injustice and deprivation suffered as a result of being victims of human trafficking, they become depressed and ashamed of themselves and their resent past.
  • Since the trade is carried out in secret, those involved are afraid of making it public. They are afraid of law enforcement agencies.
  • The victim may end up becoming a deviant and constitute danger to society.

(a)No matter the money made, especially by the women involved, they are usually not respected in the society.

The women may never get someone to come and ask for her hand in marriage.

  • The children involved may never have the opportunity to go to school.
  • These activities bring shame to the families of those involved.


Preventive Measures – Public enlightenment, Education,

Advocacy and Legislation.

There is no one size fits all solution to the problem of human trafficking. A comprehensive and coordinated approach is required that involves all sectors of society. Governments, civil society organizations, international organizations, and the private sector all have a role to play in the fight against human trafficking.

One of the most important roles is raising awareness about the issue and educating the public, especially potential victims, about the dangers of trafficking. It is important to raise awareness about the signs of trafficking and to provide information on how to get help if someone is in a trafficking situation.

Governments also have a responsibility to enact laws that criminalize all forms of trafficking and provide comprehensive protections for victims. These laws should be designed to punish traffickers and not victims.

International organizations can help by providing technical assistance and capacity building to governments and civil society organizations working on anti-trafficking initiatives. The private sector also has a role to play in the fight against trafficking. Businesses can help by ensuring that their supply chains are free of forced labor and by providing training and resources to employees so they can identify and report trafficking.



  1. Mention 2 physical consequences of human trafficking.
  2. State 1 social consequence of human trafficking.
  3. Highlight 2 psychological consequences of human trafficking.


The following are the preventive measures to human trafficking

  1. PUBLIC ENLIGHTENMENT: The people should be sensitized to the effects of trafficking and the need not to be deceived by the empty promises of the traffickers.
  2. EDUCATION: Quality education should be made available and affordable in our communities. This can be achieved by building more schools, employing qualified teachers and provision of adequate instructional materials.
  3. LEGAL SOLUTION: Government should ensure that there is legal framework that will recommend stiff measures and punishment for those who indulge in this social problem.
  4. LEGISLATION: Bills against human trafficking should be sponsored and passed into law in upper and lower legislative chambers.
  5. POVERTY REDUCTION: When the government ensures that the people are gainfully employed, poverty will reduce and issues of trafficking will no more be in our society.
  6. EQUIPPING LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES TO DO THEIR WORK WELL: Government should equip and strengthen the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP) with the responsibilities of dealing with human traffickers.
  7. EMPOWERMENT: The people should be empowered to be self-reliant by giving loans and other tools to establish themselves in their areas of specialization.
  8. COOPERATION WITH OTHER COUNTRIES ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING: Nigeria should seek cooperation with the rest of the world not to allow their territories to be used for human trafficking as it hurts our pride.
  9. RESOLUTION BY PARENTS AND WOMEN: Parents and women should, themselves, resolve to reject further trafficking in children and women.




5 preventive measures to human trafficking.


1. Improve border security to reduce opportunities for trafficking.

2. Work with law enforcement and civil society organizations to identify and rescue victims.

3. Create public awareness campaigns to educate potential victims and the general public about the dangers of trafficking.

4. Strengthen laws and regulations related to trafficking, and ensure that perpetrators are prosecuted.

5. Increase international cooperation to better address trafficking networks and cross-border crimes.


What is the full meaning of NAPTIP?

NAPTIP is an acronym that stands for the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons. NAPTIP is a Nigerian government agency that was established in 2003 with the mandate to combat human trafficking and slavery. The agency also works to protect and rehabilitate victims of trafficking. NAPTIP has offices in all 36 states of Nigeria and the Federal Capital Territory. The agency is headquartered in Abuja.

NAPTIP works in partnership with other national and international organizations to combat human trafficking. Some of these partners include the International Organization for Migration (IOM), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United States Department of State’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (JTIP).

NAPTIP has four main directorates:

– Investigation and Rescue

– Legal

– Psychological and Social Services

– Public Enlightenment




The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise





Objective Test:

  1. All these are preventive measures of children and women trafficking except_________ (a) Public enlightenment (b) Education (c) None of the above (d) Legislation.
  2. That those involved in child trafficking are afraid to make it public is _________ (a) A social consequence (b) A physical consequence (c) A pretense consequence (d) A psychological consequence.
  3. Human trafficking is ___________ (a) Selling items in traffic (b) Buying and selling human beings (c) Allowing humans to drive in traffic for long periods (d) Working as a traffic warden.
  4. _________ is a factor responsible for human trafficking. (a) Illiteracy (b) Literacy (c) Decency (d) Literature.

Essay Test:

  1. Mention 4 ways the society can curb the practice of human trafficking.
  2. What is harmful traditional practice?
  3. List 5 preventive measures to human trafficking.
  4. Explain the following (i) Empowerment (ii) Public enlightenment.
  5. What is the full meaning of NAPTIP?




The class teacher wraps up or concludes the lesson by giving out short notes to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where the needs arise.