Figures or Numbers before, after and between in recognizing Numbers


Topic :Concept of before, after and between in recognising numbers

Class : Nursery 1

Term : First Term

Week : Week 5

Instructional Materials :

  • Wall charts
  • Pictures
  • Videos
  • counters
  • Abacus
  • Counting match sticks


Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of

Multiples of Two Memorizing Doubles


Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • say the number before a given figure
  • say the number after a given figure
  • recognize figure from a given set of numbers



Content : 


After the kids can locate all the numbers or pick up all the numbers through the spy game. You begin to build their understanding of position through spy activity. But before that, let the kids understand the concept of after, before and in between.


The kids need to understand the meaning of before. This lesson can be very fun and captivating. Before we apply it to numbers, we have to use the children themselves to demonstrate the meaning of ‘before’.

I like to define before as the back of a particular number. The kids can easily relate with their body parts. Their back is behind. So, they will understand that any number that is ‘before’ another number, it means the number is at the back of the particular number.

Example: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

The number before 3 is the number at its back which is 2.

What is before in number sequence

Before means the number at the

More examples:

The number before 9 is 8 because 8 is at the back of 9.


Get three children

Say their names are Fatima, Grace and Obi in the order of their standing




Ask the kids, who is standing before Obi?

The kids will say Grace is standing before Obi

Change the order and ask again to be sure the kids understand it very well. Use this to ask more questions.

1         2         3         4         5         6         7         8         9

Which number is before 3


RESPONSE: The number before 3 is

(I always want children to make complete sentence in their response. This helps their communication and logical reasoning. Instead of just saying 2; they should make a full sentence as we did in this response.)





The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise


Evaluation :

  1.  the number before 8 is _________
  2. The number after 5 is _________
  3. The number before 1 is _________
  4. The number after 12 is _________
  5. Fill in the gaps 1    , 2,    _________,    4,    _________,    _________    _________    _________  9    _________



Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.