Subject :Agricultural science


Topic :



Class :

Basic 7 / JSS 1


Term :

Third Term


Week :

Week 9


Instructional Materials :

  • Wall chart
  • Textbook
  • Labouer
  • Wages , Salaries or money



Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of





Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to


  • Say the  meaning of Labour
  • Mention the characteristics of Labour
  • Highlight the Forms/Sources of Labour Available to Farmers
  • List the Importance of Labour in Agriculture
  • Mention agricultural Activities that Require Labour






  1. Meaning of Labour
  2. Characteristics of Labour
  3. Forms/Sources of Labour Available to Farmers
  4. Importance of Labour in Agricultur
  5. Agricultural Activities that Require Labour


Meaning of Labour

Labour refers to all forms of human effort (mental and physical) put into production of goods and services.

Characteristics of Labour

The characteristics of labour include the following:

  1. Labour is mobile
  2. Labour has feelings and emotions and cannot be used anyhow.
  3. It is a variable and not a fixed asset.
  4. It can be hired or fired.
  5. It can be skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled.
  6. Its output can be improved by training.
  7. The reward for labour is wages/salary.

Forms/Sources of Labour Available to Farmers

  1. Family labour
  2. Personal labour
  3. Communal labour
  4. Hired or paid labour

Importance of Labour in Agriculture

  1. It uses other factors for production.
  2. Intellectual labour ensures high agricultural production.
  3. Skilled labour provides the expertise required for major operation.
  4. Labour ensures the success of any agricultural enterprise.
  5. It provides the services required to achieve the various stages of agricultural production.

Agricultural Activities that Require Labour

Human efforts are required to:

(i) operate farm machines

(ii) plant and harvest crops

(iii) milk cows

(iv) raise farm animals

(v) process and market products

(vi) keep farm records










The topic is presented step by step


Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics


Step 2.

He introduces the new topic


Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise






  1. What is labour?
  2. State three importance of labour in agriculture.
  3. Mention four human activities that constitute labour in agriculture.


Conclusion :


The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.


Assignment :

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about



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