EFFECTS OF WEED CONTROL METHODS ON VEGETATION AND SOIL

 

 

Subject :Agricultural science

 

Topic :

CLASSIFICATION OF WEEDS

 

Class :

Basic 7 / JSS 1


 

Term :

Third Term

 

Week :

Week 4

 

Instructional Materials :

  • pictures of weeds
  • samples of weeds

 

 

Reference Materials

  • Scheme of Work
  • Online Information
  • Textbooks
  • Workbooks
  • 9 Year Basic Education Curriculum

Previous Knowledge :

The pupils have previous knowledge of

 

USES OF WEEDS; METHODS OF WEED CONTROL

 

 

Behavioural Objectives :  At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  • list classes of weeds
  • mention at least four classes of weeds
  • mention the effects of weed control on plants
  • write out the effects of weed control on vegetation

 

 

CONTENT

 

 EFFECTS OF WEED CONTROL METHODS ON VEGETATION AND SOIL

  1. Effects of Chemical Control of Weeds on Vegetation and Soil
  2. Effects of Bush Burning on Vegetation and Soil
  3. Effects of Mechanical/Physical Control of Weeds on Vegetation and Soil
  4. Effects of Biological Control of Weeds on Vegetation and Soil
  5. Adverse Effects of Weeds/Problems Posed by Weeds in Agriculture/Economic Importance of Weeds

 

Effects of Chemical Control of Weeds on Vegetation and Soil

The following are the effects of chemical control of weeds on vegetation and soil:

  1. Herbicides can be poisonous to human beings.
  2. Beneficial organisms may be destroyed.
  3. Herbicides can pollute soil and ground water.
  4. Herbicides can contaminate livestock pasture thereby killing the animals that feed on them.
  5. Some herbicides, when used, can kill both good and unwanted plants and animals.

Effects of Bush Burning on Vegetation and Soil

The following are the effects of bush burning on vegetation and soil:

  1. Burning can kill beneficial soil organisms.
  2. Burning also exposes the soil to erosion.
  3. Fire destroy organic matter in the soil.

Effects of Mechanical/Physical Control of Weeds on Vegetation and Soil

The following are the effects of mechanical/physical control of weeds on vegetation and soil:

  1. The use of machine and farm implements e.g tractor and plough, destroys soil structure.
  2. It encourages soil erosion.
  3. It causes air pollution and soil compaction

Effects of Biological Control of Weeds on Vegetation and Soil

The following are the effects of biological control of weeds on vegetation and soil:

  1. Predator may feed on crop rather than weeds
  2. Introduced plant may be difficult to control.
  3. Overgrazing can result to soil erosion.

 

 

Adverse Effects of Weeds/Problems Posed by Weeds in Agriculture/Economic Importance of Weeds

The harm done by weeds is due mainly to their competition with crops. These are some of the reasons why weed pose challenge to farmers, hence a need for them to be controlled. The effects or economic importance of weeds include:

  1. Weeds compete with crops for space.
  2. Weeds compete. With crops for sunlight.
  3. Weeds compete with crops for nutrients.
  4. Weeds harbour crop pests and diseases.
  5. Weeds compete with crops for soil moisture.
  6. Weeds result in loss of crop yield.
  7. Weeds compete with crops for oxygen.
  8. Weeds reduce the palatability of some pasture grasses.
  9. Weeds reduce the quality of crops.
  10. Weeds increase farmers cost of production.
  11. Some weeds are toxic to farm animals.

 

 

Presentation

The topic is presented step by step

 

Step 1:

The class teacher revises the previous topics

 

Step 2.

He introduces the new topic

 

Step 3:

The class teacher allows the pupils to give their own examples and he corrects them when the needs arise

 

:

EVALUATION

  1. Mention two examples of the following: (i) Perennial weeds (ii) Annual weeds (iii) Biennial weeds
  2. Explain the following with three examples each: (i) Monocotyledonous weeds (ii) Dicotyledonous weeds
  3. State five effects of weeds on crops.
  4. Enumerate five effects of weeds control methods on vegetation and soil.

 

Conclusion :

 

The class teacher wraps up or conclude the lesson by giving out short note to summarize the topic that he or she has just taught.

The class teacher also goes round to make sure that the notes are well copied or well written by the pupils.

He or she does the necessary corrections when and where  the needs arise.

 

Assignment :

Prepare for the next lesson by reading about

 

DISPERSAL OF WEEDS (WEED DISSEMINATION)

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